Corona virus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered corona virus.
Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus survive from mild to moderate respiratory ailments and recover without special care. Older people and people with serious medical problems such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory diseases and cancer are more likely to develop serious illnesses.
The best way to prevent and delay transmission is to find out about the COVID-19 virus, the disease it causes, and its spread. Protect yourself and others from infections by washing your hands or rubbing alcohol frequently and not touching your face.
The COVID-19 virus spreads mainly through droplets or colds when an infected person coughs or sneezes. It is therefore important to practice breathing labels (e.g coughing on curved elbows).
There are currently no vaccines or special treatments for COVID-19. However, there are many clinical studies that are evaluating the possibility of treatment. WHO will continue to provide the latest information as soon as clinical results are available.
How to prevent disease
Wash your hands regularly with soap and water or wipe with alcohol.
Keep at least 1 metre between you and the person who is coughing or sneezing.
Avoid touching your face.
Cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing.
Stay home if you feel unwell.
Avoid smoking and other activities that weaken the lungs.
Practice physical distance, avoid unnecessary trips and stay away from large groups of people.
Symptoms of the disease
COVID - 19 affects different people in different ways. Most infected people develop mild to moderate illness and recover without being hospitalised.
The most common symptoms:
Less common symptoms:
Discomfort and pain.
Loss of taste or smell.
Rashes or discolouration of the toes or feet.
Difficulty breathing or difficulty breathing.
Pain or pressure in the chest.
Loss of speech or movement.
Seek immediate medical attention if symptoms are severe. Always call before you see your doctor.
People with mild symptoms that are otherwise healthy should treat symptoms at home.
It takes an average of 5-6 days for a person to become infected with the virus until symptoms appear. However, it can take up to 14 days.
The Negative effects of Coronavirus on the Citizens of Nigeria.
The death rate of a pandemic such as the coronavirus which has no age limit is so troublesome. This virus cut across all age gaps. From the newly born to teenagers, to the labour workforce and sadly the aged. The labour workforce they say is the backbone of any economy in the world, so surely any reduction due to death in the labour workforce will surely affect the economy of the country.
The teenagers, on the other hand, are people that are to take over from the labour workforce. So what happens if they are very small of a number or they don’t exist at all? What happens if we don’t have children to fill in the teenagers’ stage in the near future? And sadly what happens if we don’t have the elderly ones to tells us stories of how they handled situations we are yet to face?
The stay at home campaign that is on to curb the spread of the pandemic will not do so well with the middle class and the poor. A lot of people in this country rely on what they do or services they render every day to feed, so if they are forced to stop what they do, how can they survive? Hunger tends to always bring out the worst in people. People who are hungry tend to become angry with themselves, society, and everything around them. They turn to thieves, armed robbers, prostitutes, liars, internet fraudsters, etc. to survive.
Not everyone will do so well emotionally when you isolate them from the rest of the world. Thinking increases, depression creeps in, and all kinds of emotional challenges may tend to arise. People currently in isolation centres may tend to be traumatized during or even after the pandemic and Nigeria has proven over the years not to be ready to accommodate such people. Go to our mental hospitals and see how poorly their services and facilities are?
Just go to social media and you’ll see a lot of social beggars looking for what to eat. People are begging currently for almost everything they can get, and it’s obvious that if this pandemic continues for a while where the rich start running out of their wealth, the result is going to be very bad.
5. Increase in Crime
In reference to the second point stated above, hungry people tend to involve in crime adding to the number of the “professional criminals” we already have in the country. This does not look good.
Now, enough with the ending list of negative effects of the coronavirus pandemic, time to look at the bright side of things, lets now see the surprisingly positive effects of this pandemic to the citizens of Nigeria.
Positive effects of Coronavirus on the Citizens of Nigeria
1. Good hygiene:
A lot of people are now practicing good hygiene, people now wash their hands regularly, shaving or keeping their beards clean, using clean nose masks, clean handkerchiefs and so much more, all because of the pandemic. This is a good thing because as they say:
“Cleanliness is next to godliness”
2. Digital Teaching being effective
There has now been a rapid growth into the digital world in these trying times. As reported by newsmen some weeks back, Lagos and Anambra states are already teaching using on-air platforms (radio and television), apps and the internet, I bet more states will follow suit very soon. You also noticed that the number of Nigerians youth hopping into the digital age has greatly increased. Go to solo learn, 365datascience etc, you’ll see Nigerians registering for online courses such as programming courses, Data sciences, Machine Learning, Deep Learning, Internet of Things (IoT), Artificial Intelligence (AI) and a host of others. These are the future, and the future leaders of the country are already going into the future.
3. Having time for family:
Busy businessmen and women are now forced to create time for their families. It will not really be a good thing though when you’re starving, but on the bright side, you’ll get to know your family better and connect with each other.
Nigerians also tend to be creative when they are pushed to the wall, I believe this pandemic will be no different, the Bayero University, Kano (BUK) is already working on fabricating ventilators, a team of two men were able to repair ventilators in the University of Jos Teaching Hospital (UJTH) even though they claimed to have never seen such till the day they repaired them. Schools and organisations are already producing hand sanitizers, nose masks and other necessary items that will help to minimise the spread of the pandemic.
People are now forced to voice out and hold their leaders accountable. You can see from all the donations been generated to help fight the pandemic, people now hold their leaders accountable, from their local constituency representatives to their governors and to the president. Even in the family setting, people also hold themselves and family accountable for what they spend, why they make purchases and how they utilised such purchases.
These and so much more I believe to be the positive effects of the pandemic in Nigeria. They might not be too noticeable as the negative effects have more weight.
In conclusion, we are advised to fight this pandemic together and not to use these positive effects as an excuse for bad hygiene. Please stay safe till we overcome this pandemic.
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