On February 17, 2009. heavily armed men suspected to be members of the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND)attacked two oil facilities belonging to the Royal Dutch Shell located in the Niger Delta region.
The Militant group thereafter released a statement claiming responsibility for the attack. According to the statement, they were fighting not just for their rights but for the rights of fellow Niger Delta people who despite living in an area where the country's major natural resource and primary source of income (oil) is located are being neglected and made to suffer untold hardship.
MEND further stated that it was fighting the government to provide more oil-industry funds to the Niger Delta region as communities in the Southern part of the country were being exploited by foreign oil companies.
The Umaru Musa Yar'Adua led administration was eventually able to hold peace talks with the militants, actualised development projects in the region and finally granted Amnesty to the Militants. the first of its kind in Nigeria's history.
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