What you see now is a reconstruction of the Ishtar Gate and Processional Way built at the Pergamon Museum in Berlin, out of material excavated by Robert Koldewey. It Ishtar gate was part of Nebuchadnezzar's plan to beautify his empire's capital.
The gate was dedicated to the Babylonian goddess Ishtar. The animals represented on the gate are young bulls, lions and dragons. These animals are symbolic representations of certain deities: lions are often associated with Ishtar, bulls with Adad, and dragons with Marduk.
Respectively, Ishtar was a goddess of fertility, war, love and s*x, Adad was weather god, and Marduk was the chief or national god of Babylon.
Through the gatehouse is a Processional Way, which is a brick-paved corridor over half a mile long with walls over 50 feet tall (15.2 m) on each side. The walls are adorned with over 120 sculptural lions, flowers, and enameled yellow tiles.
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