Guinea-Bissau's population is dominated by more than 20 African ethnicities, including the Balante, one of the largest ethnic groups in the country, the numerous Fulani and their many subgroups, the Diola, the Nalu, the Bijagó, the Landuma, the Papel (Pepel), and the Malinke.
Bijago culture tends to be matriarchal, with women managing the household, the economy, law, as well as initiating courtship
2. Bijagó have their own natural reserves, forests and islands that are untouchable because they are sacred, and where they cannot cultivate, hunt, or bury the dead. Among its symbolic animals are the manatee and the turtles, along with sharks, rays, hammerhead fish and sawfish
3. Women from Bijagos tribe choose husbands, control the economy, law, welfare and spirituality
4. Bijago men dress to attract women. Only women can initiate divorce. Men only work on fields, hunt monkeys and fish
Bijago Ethnic Group is Animistic and characted by age-grade progression for both men and women to belong to matriarchal societies but closer examination has revealed a fundamentally patriarchal society where women, in spite of their substantial participation in material production and important roles in social, political, and religious matter, remain essentially unequal to men. It is however true that it is the women who choose their husbands and terminate the matrimony.
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