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How To Start A Lucrative Palm Kernel Cake Production Business In Nigeria


Palm Kernel Cake (PKC) is a by-product of the palm oil industry and is available in large quantities in many tropical and subtropical countries. It is a derivative of the palm kernel and is produced mainly in the east and west of Nigeria. Other palm kernel by-products include crude palm kernel oil (CPKO), palm kernel casing (PKS) and palm kernel sludge. Palm cake (PKC) is a valuable source of protein and cattle. It has recently been used as a feed additive for poultry, pigs and goats.


   Indonesia is the world's largest producer and exporter of palm oil and palm by-products. In 2010 alone, Indonesia produced approximately 21.5 million tonnes of palm oil and 2.3 million tonnes of palm kernel oil, representing 48% of total world production. Malaysia produces 17 million tonnes of palm oil (38%) and 2 million tonnes of palm oil.


   The other five main producer countries (Nigeria, Thailand, Colombia, Papua New Guinea, Ecuador) represent less than 10% of world production.


   Nigeria is also the largest producer of palm oil in Africa, accounting for 65% of West Africa's GDP. Overall, the country is in fifth place among the best palm oil producers in the world with a compound annual growth rate of 1.5% and global production of 1.03 million tons. However, due to declining productivity, oil-free oil exports from the country accounted for 17.7% of total exports in 2018, while agricultural exports accounted for only 1.6% of total exports.


   However, palm kernel production is expected to accelerate growth later in 2020 to $ 900 by 2026. A large and rapidly growing population is still an important driver of demand. In 2018 alone, approximately 240,000 tonnes of palm oil consumed in Nigeria were used for non-food industrial purposes, while 1.1 million tonnes were used for food purposes.


   The market for palm oils and cakes is therefore huge, growing and sustainable, which stimulates demand for other palm kernel products. Oilseed by-products are an important part of animal feed because they provide much-needed protein. In addition, the most valuable palm kernel oil produced is also used in the production of cosmetics, confectionery, pharmaceuticals and other industrial applications. Therefore, the processing of palm kernels is very profitable and has great export potential.


   It's fascinating that while concerns about the large number of start-up costs are a challenge for investors in most by-product companies, a business can operate on a large scale depending on your financial situation. ability.


   This business is for local and foreign traders. You can start with a small amount of available funds or even start as an agent / representative and your investment should get the most return soon. Suffice it to say, if you want to start your own business in the field of palm cake production, this article will provide you with guidelines for successfully achieving your goals.


   What is a palm heart cake?


   Palm Kernel Cake (PKC) is a by-product of palm kernel oil extract and is high in protein and fat. It is mainly used as one of the key ingredients in feed and food in the ruminant industry. Among other comparable crops, palm kernel cake is slightly higher than dill and cocoa shell cake, but lower than crushed fish and peanut cake, especially in terms of protein value.


   What is the output of the palm kernel cake?


   The production of palm kernels refers to the process of extracting oil from palm kernels and obtaining cakes from it. In general, palm kernel cake is usually produced by economical pressure on screws and rarely by a more expensive solvent extraction mechanism.


   Business opportunities associated with the production of palm kernel cakes worldwide


   1). Preparing lunch from the palm heart:


   This is a major by-product in the production of palm kernel oil. It is a medium-protein food with a high fiber content, so it is more suitable for feeding ruminants or rabbits. The palm kernel obtained by mechanical extraction contains 5 to 12% of oil and 0.5 to 3% of palm oil from the solvent. Most of the development of palm kernel meal comes from animal feed.


   2). Production of fruit bundles:


   They represent 50% of a bundle of fresh fruit, 60% of water and a dense substance used as mulch on plantations and orchards with palm oils.


   3). Skeleton production:


   These are smaller residues in the fruit bundle, but are more difficult to cleave. They can be used as mulching material for oil palm plantations and can be burned as fuel.


   4). Hand-pressed fiber:


   These are oil and by-products from the extraction of palm oil with a high fiber content. Palm fiber is usually mixed with hollow fruits and nut shells or burned in steam factories to produce electricity.


   5). Waste water from palm oil plants:


   This is the liquid remaining from the extraction and purification of palm oil. Including soil residues, dissolved oil and insoluble matter. It can be further processed by decantation (sludge, sludge), washing, centrifugation and drying.


   Facts and benefits of making palm kernel cakes


   Palm Heart Cake (PKC) is an important by-product derived from palm oil extract.


   It is known that palm kernel cake contains a high content of phenolic compounds, which can interfere with the harmful effects of fungal mycotoxins.


   Palm kernel cake contains about 16.0% crude protein, 15.7% crude fiber, 0.59% lysine, 0.30% methionine, 0.20% cystine and 6.2 ml / kg relative to dry matter (1480 kcal / kg). Metabolizable energy.


   The digestibility of dry matter, crude fiber and crude protein in the biscuit powder was 35.2%, 58% and 25.4%, respectively, and the amino acid content was 64.4%.


   Palm kernel pie can be included in a high broiler feed to balance the required nutritional energy.


   Palm cake is also beneficial for dairy cows, pigs and other non-ruminants.


   The shell and soil content of the poultry palm kernel cake shall not exceed 7%.


   The chemical composition of a palm kernel cake varies from fruit to tree.


   Palm kernel pie is made up of alkaline nutrients and acetic acid, which aids digestion.


   Palm kernels are rich in vitamins, minerals and proteins and can be used for fattening.


   Malaysia and Indonesia are world leaders in the production of palm by-products.


   Excessive moisture in the palm kernel cake will cause mold to grow in it.


   Crude fiber is an important part of palm kernel cake, which contains cellulose.


   Indonesia, Malaysia and Nigeria are the largest producers of palm kernel products.


   Palm kernel cake can be mixed with other dairy products to improve livestock feeding.


   The oil extraction technology used also affects the dry matter content of the palm kernel cake.


   In Nigeria, the state of Abia, the state of Bayelsa, the state of Cross River and the state of Delta are in the first place in the production of palm oil.


   How to start making palm cake in Nigeria: a detailed guide


   The process of extracting palm kernel cake from palm kernel nuts involves a series of industrialization steps. The specific steps are as follows:


   1). Crushed palm kernels:


   This is the first step in the process. You can unscrew the nut by hand or use a machine to crush a dry palm.


   2). Roasted palm kernels:


   The next step is to roast the nuts using the local wood method or the roaster. This process introduces heat into the crushed nuts and then extracts the oil from the kernels.


   3). Oil extrusion:


   The roasted palm kernels are then placed under oil pressure, which fills the heated palm kernels and removes the oil substances from the palm kernels through the oil chamber, collecting the palm palms from the biscuit outlet chamber.


   4). Extraction oil collection:


   The oil obtained is then collected and transferred to tanks capable of further refining without the production of extracts.


   5). Seven:


   After separating the oil from the palm kernels, use a sieve called a sieve to help separate the remaining broken bark.


   6). treatment:


   The combination treatment is then applied to the remaining material to obtain a more effective PKC material, and then the sugar content is analyzed. This is used to determine which particle size has the correct sugar content and the particle size that needs to be further subdivided.


   7). Grinding:


   Crushing is also performed to distribute the particle size in the correct proportions. The hot water is then pumped out, the palm kernel cake particles are further pumped out and then the material is incubated at a suitable temperature. Finally, acetic acid is added for treatment and extraction.


   Challenges facing making a palm palm heart cake


   Lack of mechanized agricultural machinery.


   The country's credit structure is bad.


   Underdeveloped fiscal policy.


   Lack of high-yielding seedlings.


   High initial costs.


   Saving problem.


   Small farmers lack access to international markets.


   Marketing problems


   lack of experience.


   Local palm cake investors have poor managerial skills.


   In short


   Palm kernel pie is an important derivative of palm kernel nuts. It is a high-energy source and a cost-effective feed ingredient that can be used in quantitative formulas for various livestock. Therefore, a thorough control of the entire palm oil processing value chain is needed to ensure the survival of local producers and to increase sales of ruminant and non-ruminant feed on the international market.


   Given the huge market demand and your ability to build an extensive supply chain network, the Nigerian palm kernel shop can be a lucrative and lucrative business. If you are looking for a supply chain company, then the palm kernel business in Nigeria is a good choice.

Content created and supplied by: Bizzboye (via Opera News )

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