Any increase in the population of society requires a uniform increase in the supply of food. Nigeria's population is growing and must therefore continue to expand its food resources to meet the health and nutritional needs of the country's population. Crops like breadfruit are likely to be one of the foods that feed millions of people.
Unfortunately, bread and fruit production in Nigeria has reached a record low. The market value is insufficiently used and exploited, it is gradually declining.
Recent studies have shown that breadfruit is an endangered food in Nigeria today. For land that can thrive and fully adapt to tropical areas such as this country, this revelation is shocking, as critical steps need to be taken to remedy the situation.
The cultivation and production of bread is a guaranteed means of profit and securing a large food supply in Nigeria due to its untapped market potential, high yield and nutritional value.
What is the cultivation and production of breadfruit?
The growth of breadfruit is related to the planting, processing and harvesting of different types of breadfruit.
Breadfruit is a member of the Moraceae family and the genus Artocarpus. It is a fruit tree that blooms in tropical areas. The trees grow to a height of 30 feet and produce a lot of delicious fruit. Depending on the variety, the fruits are round / oval and seedless. The peculiarity of its fruit depends on the fact that it is always consumed in large quantities - unripe or ripe.
Bread seeds are very popular in eastern Nigeria. Ibov call it "ukwa - a kind of seed porridge. Other breadfruit countries include Delta, Edo and Ocean. In southwestern Nigeria it is called "Afon" and in northern Nigeria it is called "Bafafuta" and in it is "Ize" Binis.
Each tree can produce at least 600-700 fruit breads, which are of great value to farmers and entrepreneurs in most tropical regions of the world. Bark, trees, leaves, seeds and flowers are also beneficial to humans, including medicines, building materials and animal feed. All these additional benefits increase marketability.
Business opportunities in global agriculture and bread and fruit production
Bread farmers need to be studied and invested, as this is an excellent way for Nigerian farmers to earn a lot of income in the long run.
Tree plants, such as breadfruit, can last for several years and do not need to be transplanted every year as non-tree crops. Once the trees are ripe, replanting the breadfruit on another acre will only increase yields and economic benefits.
Some business opportunities for growing and producing bread fruit include:
1). Food source:
Consumption of bread and fruit is most pronounced in southeastern Nigeria. The seeds are extracted and cooked into a delicious porridge called "ukwa". Seeds of Treculia africana (genus Breadfruit) are the most popular seeds in the Southeast. Sellers and traders sell them in cups. Bread is also a staple food for the people of Edo, Delta and Oyo.
This fruit has a high nutritional value. It is rich in protein, potassium, fiber, carbohydrates and more vitamins such as vitamins A, C and K. It is the dream of every healthcare professional.
It is recommended that diabetics and cardiovascular patients add bread and other foods to their diet. Potassium and fiber can treat and control the symptoms of these diseases. Baked, cooked or porridge prepared from them can be eaten in any form. It can even be eaten in its original form. Flour is made from ground seeds and the soft, fleshy part can be a good substitute for pits and potatoes.
2). Wood production:
This tropical fruit tree is versatile in nature and can produce light wood resistant to termites. Furniture, roof and canoes are made of wood fruit trees. When processed into wood pulp, it is converted into paper. Balsa wood is appreciated by carvers and some furniture designers. Other available methods are for the production of firewood and charcoal.
Bread fruit produces natural herbs that can cure various diseases. The roots and leaves of trees swallow the mouth to alleviate and treat diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, asthma, gout, back pain and fever.
People who suffer from skin infections and problems such as burns, rashes, ulcers and cold sores apply roots and leaves to the affected areas of the skin. It is also a remedy for ear infections or eye pain.
Latex extracted from the bark of fruit trees has proven to be as effective as chemically produced adhesives. As a natural putty, it has good commercial value.
5). Animal feed:
The fruit of the bread is edible and nutritious for both animals and humans. Bran and flesh are becoming animal feed, while leaves are good food for agricultural herbivores.
Facts and benefits of growing and making bread
Breadfruit trees grow to a height of 30 meters and are one of the high-yielding artificial plants. Each tree on a bread plantation bears at least 200 fruits.
The fruit is round or oval, six to eight inches long and eight inches in diameter.
The unripe fruit is pure green. After ripening, it acquires a light green color with reddish-brown spots.
Male and female flowers (dioecious or dioecious) appear when the tree is ripe. Male flowers begin to bloom sooner than female flowers. Burning male flowers release strong mosquitoes.
Each adult tree can produce 600-1200 fruits. One of these fruits weighs 2 to 55 kg.
The plant can grow in neutral, alkaline or saline soil.
The wood on the tree is latex for glue, wood for cooking and heating, wood for furniture and ceilings, and wood pulp for paper.
Fruit from bread can be eaten raw or cooked / baked in the form of fruit. It can replace jam or potatoes.
The leaves or flesh of this fruit are good animal feed.
Bread varieties are seedless or sunken. The seeds can be slurried or ground to a powder.
The unripe fruit of the bread is hard and starchy. It is white when ripe, starchy and soft.
Parts like leaves and roots have medicinal value. They are herbs that help digestion, treat skin infections, control diabetes and support normal hair growth.
Bread is grown mainly from seeds or sprouts or root cuttings. Young trees are partially shaded. Older specimens require a lot of sunlight.
The maturity of breadfruit seeds can be extended to 5-10 years. Rhizomes / cuttings of reproduced trees can only reach maturity in about 3-6 years.
Types of fruit for bread
The three main genera of the Moraceae family are:
African Breadfruit (Treculia Africana)
The Breadfruit program has various schools around the world. Each genus grows in tropical areas with suitable ecological conditions. Some species are well adapted to the western regions of the world, but for others Asia and Africa are the only continents where they can thrive.
The breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) of the breadfruit family comes from Central America, Southeast Asia, the Pacific Ocean, South Asia, the Caribbean and Africa. Mature breadfruit trees are more than 25 meters tall, monoecious (male and female flowers are on the same tree), with large and dense leaves. The yield is high - 4 to 6 kg and after ripening lemon green.
As a supertropical plant, the ecological conditions for excellent growth are 16-38 degrees Celsius, followed by annual rainfall of 78.7-98.4 inches. It usually thrives in fertile, well-drained soil, but some subspecies are adapted to low, sandy or saline soil.
This genus is a source of food, wood and animal feed. The toast fruits are potato and look like soft bread. The roof and canoes are made of trees.
2). African fruit from bread (African quinoa):
The African breadfruit is a genus of the breadfruit (Moraceae), similar to current breadfruit plants. This is a type of breadfruit that is found in Madagascar, in West and Central Africa. Unlike bread fruit, Treculia Africana is grown mainly for edible and rich seeds. Each fibrous and hard fruit weighs 8.5 kg and contains 200 kg of seeds. The fruit of ripe African bread has a yellow-green crust and a chewy texture. Pulp of this genus is not a food source, but can be used as an herbal medicine.
Edible seeds are used for sweet Ipo called "ukwa". It can also be grilled or baked both in the country and in other parts of the world. Due to how much is needed, the yield of 200 kg of fruit seeds is very high.
African fish with red hair grows in hot areas such as the southeast, west and south sides of Nigeria. Other countries where Uganda thrives are Uganda, Zambia and Madagascar. It grows at an altitude of about 1494 feet.
Due to the maturity, the trees reach a height of 30 meters. Milk cream comes from the bark of these adult trees and is used as a mobile glue or as an herb to repair broken bones. Male and female flowers grow from a tree, but do so separately so that they are dioecious in nature. The African breadfruit has only one genus of flowers.
Several subspecies of this genus include Treculia Africana var. Mellis, African quinoa illicipolia, Treculia Africana subspecies Africana and Treculia Africana var. to turn.
Jackfruit is part of the bread family and is the most productive of all fruits. This tropical fruit is very popular in southern India and some Asian countries (for example, the Philippines, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Kerala in India). The fruit of this genus weighs about 121 pounds, is 50 inches wide and 35 inches long.
The jackfruit tree bears 150-200 fruits each year and can grow to 80 feet. Like breadfruit (breadfruit), it is a hermaphrodite - the flowers of both sexes come from the same tree. Eat a large flower of the jackfruit tree.
Areas damaged by strong winds or above 4,000 feet (sea level) above sea level are good for jackfruit trees and cause tree loss or low yields. Seeds are the best choice for jackfruit propagation. Seed trees ripen faster than other methods of propagation.
How to start growing and producing breadfruit: a detailed guide
1). Choose bread fruit:
Before you grow up, identify and select the specific type of bread you are interested in. Your decision cannot be arbitrary. The most suitable genus in Nigeria is African Breadfruit-African Breadfruit. Cultivating a genre like James will require more energy and energy. Treculia Africana is a perennial that takes 3 to 5 years to mature, and its edible seeds are what most Nigerians want.
2). Sowing date:
Like many types of bread, Treculia Africana requires a lot of water. It will not do well under other environmental conditions (such as dry). It is therefore best to sow the seeds or tubers between March and June. The temperature in these months ranges from 21 degrees Celsius to 35 to 35 degrees Celsius, which is very suitable for young plants.
3). Country selection and preparation:
Any farmer planning to grow breadfruit should take into account the area and type of land under cultivation. For example, some northern states have almost no rain and drought. Such places should be avoided.
In the early stages of growth, forest areas are the first choice, but mature trees require plenty of sunlight. The annual rainfall of the selected country should be between 1 250 and 3 000 mm. Draw a map of the earth, clear the earth, and then turn to fertile deep-sea soil. Fertile soil and good organic seeds produce at least 120 kg of seeds per tree per year. 6 - 10 tons of seeds per year can be produced from one hectare of land.
The soil should be prepared by thoroughly cultivating the soil to obtain a smooth texture. We should remove weeds and add organic fertilizer to improve fertility.
4). Copy method:
Plant the plants directly in the growing soil or sow in pots. There are other propagation methods that use root cuttings or root shoots of adult trees. Young trees should be partially covered by trees or artificial shades.
Use the measurement (ratio) 7.10.15 N.P.K to fertilize the bottom of the tree.
It should be irrigated when the soil begins to lose moisture or weather conditions are unfavorable.
Spray on trees, Bordeaux 1%, to regulate the rot of rotting fruits.
Weeds must be checked before sowing and during growth.
The growth rate of pineapples depends on the choice of soil, propagation methods and ecological conditions. If it benefits all or part of it, perennials can mature in 2-4 years. As a rule, trees bear 3 - 6 years after planting. It is recommended to collect it one week after flowering. Harvesting is usually done by hand or with a mower.
After harvest, the seeds are dried, stored and sold on the local market or processed into flour or oil.
Challenges in growing and producing bread
The decline in bread production is due to certain challenges faced by farmers. These challenges include:
There is not enough land to grow breadfruit.
Manually remove the pressure on the pulp (seed extraction).
They often burn trees and forests.
The trees are too big to get enough land.
Security risks of agricultural land, the size of the breadfruit for passers-by and farmers.
at the end
Despite declining production, bread and fruit are still one of the tropical food crops that can bring significant profits to farmers.
To realize the full potential of the fruit, farmers must carefully study, select and grow bread that is best suited to Nigeria's ecological conditions. In addition, it is also important for farmers to choose a farming method that suits their required sowing and harvesting schedule.
In addition to being a beneficial food crop for farmers, the whole breadfruit can also be used; trees, seeds, bark, sap and flowers have various uses for humans. It is a source of latex, repellent, oil and baking powder. These by-products are huge business opportunities for bread producers and producers.
Content created and supplied by: BusinessBoy (via Opera News )