The NYSC ( National Youth Service Corps) was established in 1973 (under the Yakubu Gowon led administration) as an avenue for the reconciliation, reconstruction, and rebuilding of the nation after the civil war.
It was established based on decree No. 24 that stated that the scheme was created "with a view to the proper encouragement and development of common ties among the youths of Nigeria and the promotion of national unity".
Since there is no military conscription in Nigeria, graduates of Nigerian Universities and Polytechnics who are below age 30 are posted to states other than their state of origin, for at least a year. First, they lodge in a 'camp' under military control for three weeks. After camp, they are given a Primary Place of Assignment (PPA) to work with full-time, excluding one day in the week for Community Development Service.
Has the NYSC really achieved its objectives ? It has been set with various challenges, greatly impeding the objectives set out at its inception.
What can be done revamp the NYSC ?
Since graduates are posted to schools even in rural areas, this can be another avenue to reduce unemployment of Nigerian graduates. They can be offered employment in these schools as some of these schools in the rural areas need teachers. That way, it would mean that the scheme is a direct avenue for employment.
Some graduates are unable to save enough to start life after serving. Increment in the 'allawee' isn't the issue here. It may not solve the problem as living conditions differ from place to place.
Provision can be made for some graduates to be given their 'allawee' in bulk - something tangible enough to get them started in different businesses of their choice (if they so choose).
Some empowerment programs can be carried out through this scheme. Tools/equipments/instruments for starting various businesses of the graduate's choice can be given to him/her.
They should strictly be held accountable for this. After some months, they should be made to report how they used the capital/instruments given to them or face consequences of doing otherwise.
This way, the NYSC scheme is set to be more realistic, and beneficial to Nigerian graduates.
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