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Choosing The Right Country, USA versus Canada: Which is better for study

Choosing The Right Country

USA versus Canada: Which is better for study


The United States and Canada are two of the most popular study abroad destinations. Therefore, many international students are faced with the ultimate dilemma; USA versus Canada: Which is better for studying abroad?

When you are currently pursuing higher education, it is very important to consider several factors. What do you want to study? How much will it cost? What courses do they offers? And more importantly, which university should you choose? Before you decide on any of these, you must first figured out where do you want to study. 

Year in year out many students are traveling overseas to pursue their higher education goal, and two of the most popular destinations are the United States and Canada. There are several advantages and disadvantages of studying in either of the two countries.

The USA is and will always be one of the most popular destinations for students all over the world. However, recent event, have pushed Canada way up as one of the most sought-after countries for international students.

Below are 5 Factors to Consider while Choosing your Study Destination

Eligibility criteria

Each University choose students based on their eligibility criterion. Most universities mandate a 16-year education as a criterion for applying for Masters

If you are planning to apply for undergraduate courses, you must have completed 12 years of education and sat for SAT exams which is a common criterion for most American as well as Canadian universities. However, for a postgraduate degree the criteria vary for each country. This depends mostly upon the program of choice. Education admission in USA universities requires the submission of scores of entrance exams such as GRE/GMAT, TOEFL/IELTS along with your GPA.In most cases the GRE/GMAT, TOEFL/IELTS can be waived While in Canadian universities more emphasis is on your GPA and IELTS/TOEFL scores than your GRE/GMAT scores.

The caliber of the Universities

There are over 4000 universities scattered across the US, the United States is not only home to the Ivy League Schools but also, some of the top universities around the world. 12 American universities are ranked among the 20 Top universities around the world based on QS rankings for 2019. These universities offer a wide range of degrees and courses, that are widely recognized and accepted worldwide. In Canada also, more than 8 Canadian universities are listed among the Top 200 World rankings 2019 list. Institutions such as the University of Toronto, the University of British Columbia, and McGill University are widely regarded for their research opportunities and excellent faculty.  

The Cost of Education

The average cost of living in the USA and Canada is US$ 12,000 and CA$ 10,800 respectively

Education abroad can be relatively expensive. And one of the first questions student asked before deciding where to study abroad is the cost. The cost of education in American universities very higher, approximately US$33,215 per annum for undergraduate students. 

While in Canada, the cost of study is approximately US$23,300 per annum.

Despite the high costs, there are several financial aid options offered to international students to make their education abroad affordable.


The US universities and other related organizations offer scholarships such as:

Inlaks Shivdasani Foundation scholarships 

Asian Women in Business Scholarship Fund  

Fulbright-Nehru Research Fellowships


Some of the scholarships offered by Canadian universities:

Canada Asia-Pacific Awards (CAPA)

International Research Linkages funded by Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada

Sauvé Scholars Program by the Jeanne Sauvé Youth Foundations


Employment opportunities

One of the main reason for pursuing an international degree is the career opportunities. And both the USA and Canada are both highly interesting locations on the map of employment possibilities. The United States ranks 3rd while the Canada ranked 5th on the employment opportunities. According to statistics, professions such as management executives, medicine, dentist, software engineer, etc. provide some of the highest paid jobs opportunities in the USA. While Jobs like nurse practitioner, program analyst, teacher, pharmacist, financial manager, construction manager, etc. are some of the top jobs in Canada. The American graduates received an average first salary of 48,127 US$ in 2018. While the average first salary earned by university graduates in Canada was 36,895 US$.


Permanent residency


The process of obtaining Permanent Residence in Canada is easier as compared to USA.

If your intention isto settle in the country of your study after education, you will need to acquire the appropriate Visa and work permits. Applying for permanent residency in the US is certainly possible. However, the process and duration of getting it done is a lot more complicated than in Canada. Canada offers graduates of certain degrees the option to apply for a Post-Graduation Work Permit. This work permit allows you to work in Canada after graduation. It also qualifies you to apply for permanent residency in Canada. However, in the USA, applying for a Green card is a better alternative than working on getting sponsored by an employer or applying independently for a working visa.


Which country to choose from.

While studying in Canada provides better costs and immigration policies, education in USA offers more varied employment opportunities and education options. You can decide between one of the two countries based on the 5 factors mentioned above. These factors include your program of choice, scores, university expectations, etc.

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