The term lexis, from the Greek term which means word, refers to all the words in language the entire vocabulary of a language.
Lexis and morphology are listed alongside syntax and grammar because these aspects of language are inter related.
The morphemes above—the 's'o on'cats' and on 'eats'—give grammatical information the 's' on 'cats' tells us that the noun is plural, and the 's' on 'eats' could suggest a plural noun, as in 'they had some eats.' The 's' on 'eats' could also be a form of the verb used in thet third person—he, she, or it 'eats.' In each case then, the morphology of the word is strongly connected with grammar or the structural rules that govern how words and phrases relate to each other.
They are smallest unit of a language,that cannot be breakdown to smaller languages.
It's almost similar to atoms.
The following are correct sentences
I eat the food yesterday
She sat on the chair
Taking 2 different verbs, sat, eat, as starting points results in sentences which are quite different in structure.
The lexis and the grammar, the words, and the sentence, proceed hand in hand.
Also see this
This is just an introduction to lexis and structure, if you like my work remember to share.
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