Sign in
Download Opera News App





Fish production in Nigeria

Fish production in Nigeria is a significant contributor to the country's food security and economic growth. Nigeria is blessed with a large variety of aquatic resources, including rivers, creeks, and coastal areas. With a population of over 200 million people, the country's demand for fish is high, and as such, the government has put in place measures to encourage and promote fish production.

Nigeria has a vast coastline of about 853km, which provides a great opportunity for fish production. The country is also blessed with over 12 million hectares of inland waters, which include rivers, lakes, and other aquatic resources. Despite these vast resources, Nigeria's fish production still falls below its demand. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Nigeria produced about 1.1 million metric tons of fish in 2019, while the demand for fish in the country was estimated to be over 3 million metric tons.

One of the major challenges affecting fish production in Nigeria is inadequate infrastructure. The lack of modern fishing facilities, such as boats and nets, make fishing less efficient and less productive. Inadequate storage facilities also contribute to post-harvest losses, which account for up to 40% of the country's fish production. Additionally, the country's inadequate power supply makes it difficult to preserve and process fish effectively.

Another significant challenge is the prevalence of illegal fishing practices, which leads to overfishing and depletion of fish stocks. These practices, such as the use of dynamite, poison, and small mesh nets, also have a detrimental effect on the environment and other aquatic life.

Despite these challenges, the Nigerian government has implemented various policies and initiatives to improve fish production. One of such initiatives is the National Fishery Development Program (NFDP), which was launched in 2013. The program aims to increase fish production through the provision of technical support, credit facilities, and incentives to fish farmers and fishermen.

The government has also established fish farm estates in various parts of the country to encourage aquaculture. These fish farm estates provide necessary infrastructure such as ponds, hatcheries, and feed mills, which farmers can utilize to produce fish. The government has also established fish processing and packaging plants to support the industry.

Additionally, the government has encouraged private sector participation in fish production through various incentives such as tax holidays and duty-free importation of fishing equipment.

In conclusion, fish production in Nigeria has the potential to contribute significantly to the country's food security and economic growth. However, various challenges such as inadequate infrastructure and illegal fishing practices have hindered the industry's growth. The government has taken steps to address these challenges, and with continued support and investment, the industry can realize its full potential.

Content created and supplied by: EMERALD23 (via Opera News )



Load app to read more comments