Acne is a disease that causes the skin's fat glands to clog, forming inflammation and rashes, which are the pimples. It is caused by the combination of several factors, which involve excess production of oil by the skin, accumulation of bacteria, tendency to inflammation, hormonal dysregulation and tendency to accumulation of dead cells and tissues.
To avoid the appearance of pimples, it is important to keep the skin clean, use products that remove excess oil and dead cells, in addition to having a healthy diet that reduces skin inflammation, based on whole grains and foods rich in omega- 3, such as salmon and sardines.
Skin changes that facilitate the appearance of pimples are triggered by factors such as:
During adolescence, especially between 12 and 18 years of age, it is more common to have pimples, as during this period there is an increase in the production of androgenic hormones by the body, such as testosterone, which stimulate the production of oil.
However, pimples can appear at any age, and it is not uncommon in women after the age of 30, called tardive acne, which can be caused by changes in the amount of sebum or keratin produced on the skin or by a greater accumulation of bacteria, by example.
How to treat: it is necessary to consult with a dermatologist to assess the type of skin and prescribe medications such as lotions or creams that may improve the health of the skin and reduce the production of pimples.
2. Incorrect skin cleaning
Skin that is not well sanitized can build up oil, which clogs the pores and facilitates the formation of blackheads and the development of pimples.
How to treat: the face should be washed at least twice a day, when getting up and especially when sleeping, to remove excess dirt on the skin throughout the day. Very oily skin can be washed up to 3 to 4 times a day. Preferably, specific products for the type of skin should be used, guided after evaluation by the dermatologist.
3. Do not remove makeup
Makeup should be removed as soon as possible, as the build-up on the skin also causes clogging of pores and facilitates the formation of blackheads and pimples, especially low-quality products that are made from oils.
How to treat: for those who are prone to acne, it is recommended to use specific makeup for oily skin, water-based, however the ideal thing is to try to make the skin as natural as possible, in addition to always removing all makeup with makeup remover when arriving at House.
4. Use very fatty products
The use of sunscreen or very oily or greasy moisturizing creams, not ideal for every type of skin, increase the formation of blackheads and pimples.
How to treat: you should always try to choose specific products for your skin type, and which are called "non-comedogenic", as they are the ones that cause less tendency to clog the skin's pores.
5. Consumption of some foods
Consuming inflammatory foods for the skin, such as milk, sweets, carbohydrates and fried foods, can increase the chances of acne, as they alter hormone production and stimulate skin inflammation and the appearance of blackheads and pimples.
How to treat: avoid a diet rich in carbohydrates, fats and prefer to focus on a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, omega-3s and water, as they have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.
6. Having a hormonal disease
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a disease that increases the production of androgens, which are male hormones that work by increasing the production of oil in the skin and making it more prone to the production of acne.
How to treat: the treatment for this syndrome can be done with the use of contraceptives or others capable of regulating hormones.
7. Reaction to medications
Certain medications can cause skin inflammation reactions as a side effect, with the formation of acne, and a common example is the use of steroids and anti-inflammatory drugs.
How to treat: when possible, talk to the doctor about the possibility of changing the medication, however, it is possible to take measures to reduce acne while using the medication, such as using cleansing lotions or creams that reduce the formation of acne, such as acid retinoic, for example.
8. Too much sun
Exposing yourself to the sun excessively can form pimples, as UV radiation can accelerate the skin's inflammation and oil production, which facilitates the production of acne.
How to treat: avoid overexposure to the sun, preferring times with less incidence of UV radiation, such as before 10am or after 4pm. In addition to always protecting yourself with adequate sunscreen.
9. Genetic predisposition
Having favorable genetics is one of the main factors for the formation of acne, especially in those who have excessive or very large pimples, as these people have a greater tendency to have immune reactions and form inflammatory skin lesions.
How to treat: the treatment is made with topical products, prescribed by the dermatologist, and in more severe cases, such as grade II or IV acne, for example, it may be necessary to use medication in tablets, such as antibiotics or isotretinoin, for example.
Being pregnant can cause the production of pimples, which only happens in some women, due to the increase in progesterone, which increases oiliness.
How to treat: you are advised to choose to wash the skin with mild or mild soap twice a day and always apply a tonic lotion after washing and drying your face. Treatments with pills, acids or cosmetic procedures should be avoided during this period.
The pimple can be either external or internal, and this is because the sebaceous gland obstruction has not found an exit out of the skin, getting trapped inside a cyst, which can be very painful, however, the treatment is the same.
Acne usually poses no health risks unless you have excessive inflammation and develop a serious infection. However, if the excess of pimples is not treated, it can cause scars and blemishes on the face and body that can negatively affect the person's emotional state, even being a risk for depression.
How to avoid pimples
To avoid the appearance of pimples, you must take some precautions, such as:
- Avoid sweets and fried foods, in addition to alcoholic and carbonated drinks, as they make digestion difficult and damage the skin;
- Have a diet rich in omega 3, zinc and antioxidants such as salmon, sunflower seeds, fruits and vegetables because they are rich in important substances to help reduce skin inflammation;
- Cleanse the skin with cosmetic products suitable for oily skin twice a day, morning and night, soaps with acetylsalicylic acid are a good option;
- Apply an oil free sunscreen to the face before applying makeup, even if it already has some protection factor, to protect the skin against the harmful effects of the sun;
- Do a light exfoliation once a week to remove dead cells.
How is the treatment done
When acne cannot be avoided, treatment should preferably be done with the use of topical products, such as skin cleansing lotions or creams that prevent the formation of lesions, such as retinoic acid, salicylic acid, adapalene or benzoyl peroxide , for example, prescribed by the Dermatologist, and can be purchased or prepared in compounding pharmacies.
Other options, more used in resistant or more severe acne, are the use of antibiotics, such as Tetracycline or Erythromycin, or, as a last resort, the use of Isotretinoin, known as Roaccutane, as they have a more powerful effect in controlling the formation of pimples. It is important that these remedies are only used under the guidance of the Dermatologist, due to the risk of side effects.
To avoid the use of medications, there are also radiofrequency techniques, phototherapy with special lights, laser and pulsed light that are very useful to reduce and deflate the acne region.
(Reference - https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/12233-acne)
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