Alopecia Areata, a condition that is auto-immune and non-contagious, attacks the body’s hair follicles causing hair to fall out in small patches anywhere on the body.
Alopecia can affect anyone especially if there is a history of the disease in the family of the individual and it can also affect anyone who has a history of diabetes or lupus in the family.
This condition can be unnoticeable at the beginning, develop slowly, and then become noticeable affecting the scalp, the eyebrows, eyelashes as well as other parts of the body. The degree of hair loss varies from individual to individual.
However, there is currently no cure for alopecia areata, but there are treatments that could help grow the hair back and prevent future hair loss.
Here we will look at the signs, causes, and treatment solutions of alopecia.
Signs you might have alopecia areata
Just like the condition is direct, the main sign is hair loss. Others could be:
Bald patches on your scalp or another hairy part of your body.
Finger and toenails becoming red and brittle
Patches may get bigger or larger and develop into a bald spot
Hair grows back in some bald spot and falls out in another spot
Photo Credit: Madamenoire
Causes of alopecia
You are likely to develop alopecia areata if:
There is a family history of the disease
You have vitiligo
You have seasonal allergies
The longer the course of the disease the larger the patch involved. However, alopecia can be treated with drugs and the hair can grow back. These treatment options include:
Anti-inflammatory drugs are used for autoimmune diseases such as corticosteroids. They could be given as injections directly into the scalp or the affected area, taken as a pill, or applied to the skin as an ointment or cream.
Rogaine: this is a drug that is used as a treatment pattern for baldness and after taking it for 12 weeks consistently, the hair begins to grow back.
And apart from treatments with drugs, there are other cosmetic and protective techniques such as:
Using makeup to hide the hair loss
Wearing coverings like wigs, hats, or scarves to protect the head
Eating a balanced diet cause hair growth is a vitamin and mineral dependent process
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