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White lines or dots occur on your finger or toenails when you have leukonychia. This is a relatively common problem that is completely harmless. These spots appear in many healthy adults at some point in their life, therefore they are unlikely to be a symptom of a major medical condition. One or more nails may be affected by the spots. Injury to the nail bed is the most prevalent cause of leukonychia.
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Pinching or striking your nail or finger might result in these injuries. Nail beds can be damaged by frequent manicures and pedicures, as well as the usage of gel or acrylic nails. The strange patches on the nails could be caused by a variety of factors. However, in this article I will be listing out the causes and treatment according to healthline.com
Causes Of White Dots On Your Nails
It's not uncommon to have white spots or dots on your nails. They can be caused by a variety of factors. The following are some of the possible causes:
1. Response to allergen
2. Infection caused by fungus
3. Mineral deficiency nail injury
4. Nails injury
1. Reaction to allergens.
White patches on your nails might be caused by an allergy to nail polish, gloss, hardener, or remover. Acrylic or gel nails can potentially severely damage your nails, resulting in these white blotches.
2. The Nail has Been Damaged.
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As your fingernail grows, an injury at the base of your nail can generate white spots or dots. However, because your fingernails take so long to grow back, you may not remember the injury. Some injuries take four weeks or longer to manifest. Nail injuries can occur from a variety of sources, including:
1. Closing a door with your fingers.
2. Using a hammer to strike your finger or rubbing your nails against a surface or desk.
3. Manicures on a regular basis may cause damage to your nails, resulting in these white spots. The manicurist's pressure may cause damage to the nail beds.
3. Fungi Infection.
Toenails can be infected with a common nail fungus termed white superficial onychomycosis. A few little white specks on the nails may be the first sign of infection.The infection might spread to the nail bed and develop. Toenails can start out flaky, then thicken and become brittle.
4. Deficiency in minerals.
If you are low in certain minerals or vitamins, you may notice white patches or dots on your nails. Zinc insufficiency and calcium deficiency are the most prevalent deficits connected to this problem. other reasons include:
The following are some of the less prevalent reasons of white patches on nails:
1. Heart disease is detrimental to one's health.
2. Renal (kidney) failure is a condition in which a person's kidneys.
3. pneumonia psoriasis or eczema.
4. poisoning with arsenic.
While these conditions are possible, they are quite uncommon. If you have chronic white spots on your nails, your doctor would most likely rule out a variety of other disorders before evaluating these more serious issues.
Symptoms Of White Spots
White spots can manifest themselves in a number of ways. They could resemble:
1. smaller pen-point–sized dots.
2. larger "lines" over the nail larger.
3. larger individual dots.
The appearance of white spots on your nail may be determined by the cause of the spots. A huge white dot in the middle of the nail might be caused by a nail damage. Several dots may appear on the nail as a result of an allergic reaction. The appearance of the lines and dots on each nail may vary.
If your white spots are infrequent, you might not need to see a doctor. Be more cautious to avoid injury or discontinue conduct that you believe is causing the problem. If the spots don't go away or get worse, it's time to consult your doctor.
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