Keloids are scars the grow wider and bigger than the actual injury. These scars do not become cancers but they can be extremely painful. Keloids mostly grow on the shoulder, breast bone, back, face, and earlobes. Keloids hardly go away without treatment. Even after treatment, they can grow back.
Keloids usually form on damaged skin. This skin damage may be caused by several things ranging from injuries as small as piercings, acne, chickenpox, to larger injuries like burns and surgical cuts. For some people, a tiny scratch can cause keloid.
One way to distinguish a keloid from other scars is how big and wide it grows over some time. These scars can be very itchy and painful when they are irritated or disturbed and are usually darker than the rest of the skin.
While there is no actual cure for keloids, there are treatments that sometimes improve how they feel and look. Keloid treatment is usually a combination of two or more treatment methods. The size and location of the keloid determine the form of treatment. Below are a few ways to treat keloids.
This method of treatment is called Cryotherapy. It is a form of treatment that can lighten the scar and the skin as well. This is why it's is the perfect treatment for small keloids like scars from acne and chickenpox.
Photo Credit: Allure
A corticosteroid is the most popular early used medicine for keloid reduction. It works well with cryotherapy. Other lesser-known medicines include fluorouracil, bleomycin, and interferon alfa-2b shots.
If your keloid is very big, your doctor might decide to cut it off. But the problem is this type of treatment is the possibility of more keloids. If you must undergo surgery, you must make sure that the area is properly treated after surgery. This form of treatment may be combined with medicine injections for maximum results.
If you have skin that scars easily, it is best to avoid tattoos, piercings, and unnecessary surgeries. You can also prevent keloids by covering your injuries or by covering new wounds with vaseline and nonstick bandages.
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