Vitiligo is a serious skin condition that causes areas of skin to lose color or pigment. Any area of the skin can lose its pigment.
These patches may be originally small and grow over time. People with other autoimmune disorders like arthritis, psoriasis, and type 1 diabetes are more likely to develop the condition.
This condition happens when the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells known as melanocytes, which are responsible for producing the pigment that gives the skin its color.
Though some people with vitiligo are embarrassed by their condition, vitiligo is not a life-threatening disorder. Sometimes people with vitiligo struggle with low self-esteem and look for ways to give their skin an even appearance.
While there is no remedy for this condition, some medications can help restore some color to the affected skin. Other treatments and strategies can also help prevent depigmented areas from growing.
Photo Credit: Medicalnewstoday
Research has shown that certain genetic variations might increase a person’s chances of developing vitiligo. Doctors believe that there are no ways to prevent vitiligo from developing. However, specific treatments can help prevent existing areas of depigmentation from growing. Some of those treatments include:
Dermatologists may prescribe topical creams or ointments that contain potent corticosteroids to help reduce skin inflammation and enable the restoration of pigments in specific areas.
Remember that no matter how effective these steroids are, they can not be used on all areas of the body for a prolonged period of time. This is because they can cause the skin to become thin, fragile, and dry. If you are using corticosteroids for vitiligo treatment, you should see your dermatologist regularly for checkups.
Light therapy also known as phototherapy, can help revive color to areas with skin depigmentation. This type of treatment requires a minimum of two to three treatment sections per week for many weeks.
This type of treatment can be very expensive, and time-consuming. Sometimes doctors use a combination of corticosteroid cream and light therapy for maximum results. However, this result is only temporary.
Excimer laser therapy
Another form of treatment is excimer laser therapy. This form of treatment is usually recommended when vitiligo affects a few areas of the skin. About 70% of people with vitiligo see skin color improvement after this type of treatment.
This form of treatment is recommended when vitiligo affects large areas of the skin and if the person does find other treatments helpful. This form of treatment involves removing the pigment from healthy skin in other to give the skin a more consistent color. This process can take at least 1-4 years of constant application of depigmentation cream.
Content created and supplied by: DrGeraldine (via Opera News )
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