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Disease prevention and treatment

Activities of man that affect their Cardiovascular health.

I will be educating you on the causes of cardiovascular problem (heart problems). This article will help reduce the rate individuals are affected by this diseases.


1. Sitting All Day


Compared to people with an active lifestyle, those who don’t move enough and tend to sit for five hours or more each day have double the risk for heart failure, according to a study in the American Heart Association (AHA) journal Circulation: Heart Failure.


If your job requires sitting at a desk all day, get up and take a five-minute walk every hour. This small tweak in your routine can keep your arteries flexible and blood flowing properly, protecting against the negative effects of being sedentary.


2. Overindulging in Alcohol


Drinking too much alcohol can lead to high blood pressure, stroke, and obesity — all of which increase your risk for heart disease. The AHA reports that excessive drinking — more than two drinks a day for men and one drink for women — can interrupt your normal heart rhythm and cause heart failure. It’s okay to enjoy the occasional cocktail or glass of wine, but you can protect your heart by sticking to the AHA guidelines.


3. Stressing Too Much


Stress spurs the body to release adrenaline, which temporarily affects how your body functions — your heart rate increases, and your blood pressure may rise. Over time, too much stress can damage blood vessels in the heart and increase your risk for heart attack and stroke.


5. Overdoing It on Salt


Excessive salt can lead to high blood pressure, a risk factor for heart disease. Avoiding the saltshaker isn’t too difficult, but what about hidden sodium? The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) reports that processed foods — including canned vegetables and soups, lunch meats, frozen dinners, chips, and other salty snacks — account for most of the salt individuals consume. Always read nutrition labels and compare products, choosing the one with the lowest percent daily value for sodium.


6. Not Getting Enough Sleep


Your heart works hard all day, and if you don’t get enough sleep, your cardiovascular system doesn’t get the rest it needs. Your heart rate and blood pressure dip during the first phase of sleep (the non-REM phase), then rise and fall in response to your dreams during the second phase (REM sleep). These changes throughout the night seem to promote cardiovascular health, according to the NHLBI.


Chronic sleep deprivation can also lead to high resting cortisol and adrenaline levels, similar to levels that you experience in a stressful situation. An adults should get 7 to 8 hours of sleep each night. Teens and young adults should aim for 9 to 10 hours.


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AHA Alcohol American Heart Association Heart Sitting All Day

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