According to Healthline - A heart murmur is an abnormal sound heard during a heartbeat. It's caused by the turbulent flow of blood through the heart or blood vessels. Heart murmurs can occur in individuals of all ages and can range from harmless to potentially serious conditions.
In many cases, heart murmurs may not cause any symptoms and may only be detected during a routine physical exam. However, some individuals may experience symptoms such as shortness of breath, chest pain, dizziness or fainting, swelling in the legs or abdomen, and fatigue.
Heart murmurs can be caused by a variety of factors such as congenital heart defects, valve disorders, infections, or abnormal blood flow due to conditions like high blood pressure or anemia. Sometimes, heart murmurs can be a side effect of certain medications or medical procedures.
The treatment for a heart murmur depends on the underlying cause. In some cases, no treatment may be required if the murmur is harmless. However, if the heart murmur is caused by a more serious condition, such as a valve disorder, medication, surgery or other interventions may be necessary. It is important to follow the advice of a healthcare provider and receive regular check-ups to monitor the condition and any potential changes.
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