Genotype AC contains hemoglobin C trait and can occur in any race or ethnicity. It most common in individuals of African Americans of West African descent. While not exactly the same, Sickle cell (S) trait and hemoglobin C are similar.
What is the Hemoglobin C trait?
Hemoglobin C trait (AC) is an inherited condition that affects the hemoglobin in your red blood cells. (Hemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells that carry oxygen throughout the body).
Each person inherits two hemoglobin genes-one from each parent. A normal gene will make normal hemoglobin (A). A specific change in the hemoglobin gene will make hemoglobin(C).
Red Blood Cells with normal hemoglobin genes will are flexible and doughnut-shaped.
Red Blood Cells with hemoglobin C are more rigid than normal.
People with hemoglobin C trait have both normal A and abnormal C in their red blood cells.
It is important to know if you have hemoglobin C trait:
Hemoglobin C trait is inherited from parents. If one parent has it, there is a 50% (1 in 2) chance with each pregnancy of having a baby with C trait. Hemoglobin C trait is not a disease and usually has no symptoms. You may have it and not knowing it.
If both parents have an abnormal hemoglobin C trait, there is a 25% (1 in 4) chance with each pregnancy of having a child with hemoglobin disorder. Hemoglobin disorders are life-long illnesses that can result in serious health problems.
What you should know if you have hemoglobin C trait:
1. You will always have the trait.
2. It is not a disease and can never become a disease. Except for a child that inherits both C traits will have hemoglobin disorder which can be avoided.
3. Hemoglobin C trait does not cause health problems.
4. Hemoglobin C will not cause anemia ( low blood count, low hemoglobin).
Conclusively, for everyone, it is important to know your hemoglobin trait status for future family planning for yourself and your family.
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Abuarfan's genotype is AA.
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