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Carotid Artery Surgery Types In Sickle cell disease

Carotid artery surgery is a treatment for conditions developed in sickle cells disease patients such as carotid artery disease, atherosclerosis, cerebral ischemia, cerebrovascular disease, pediatric vascular conditions, stroke, transient ischemic attack TIA, and cerebrovascular stroke, which affects the artery of patients that supplies blood to the brain.

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Photo Credits: Oncohema key

Carotid artery surgery treats constrictions in the carotid arteries of sickle cell disease patients in order to restore blood flow to the brain. There are two types or a form of carotid artery surgery that is carried out includes carotid endarterectomy CEA and carotid artery angioplasty with or and stenting CAS. 

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Photo Credits: AHA Journals

Carotid artery disease affects carotid arteries by the formation of plaque and the break open of the plaque as in clots that bocks the large and narrow vessels. Carotid endarterectomy CEA is a type of carotid artery surgery that removes plaque from an artery wall. 

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Photo Credits: AHA Journals

With the use of small instruments and an operating microscope by the surgeon for this surgical procedure makes carotid endarterectomy CEA a type of microsurgery. During cardio endarterectomy CEA, it is expected that the blood flow to the brain is temporarily reduced. 

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Photo Credits: AHA Journals

The procedure entails a small incision being made from the front of the neck to expose the carotid artery, then the surgeon clamps the artery to prevent bleeding, in some cases, the surgeon may use a shunt to divert blood flow from below the clamp to above the surgery site. In other cases, the brain receives adequate blood flows from the other carotid artery and a shunt is not necessary. The next is, the surgeon makes an incision in the carotid artery itself to show the plaque and then removes it. 

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Photo Credits: AHA Journals

Carotid artery angioplasty and stenting CAS is a surgical procedure that widens the narrowed artery by compressing the plaque and using a mesh tube to permanently prop the artery open. This procedure is done using specialized equipment from the blood vessels themselves, making this surgery a type off endovascular surgery. 

Content created and supplied by: Dr-Kikiope (via Opera News )

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