Medicalnewstoday says that eating too much sugar can cause acne, weight gain, and tiredness in the short term. Long-term, eating too much sugar can make you more likely to get heart disease or type 2 diabetes.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says that people in the United States eat too much sugar that has been added. Added sugars are sugars that are added to food to make it taste sweeter.
Too much sugar in the diet can also lead to health problems in the long run.
Loss of teeth
Bacteria that live in the mouth eat sugar. When bacteria eat sugar, they make acid as a waste product. This acid can eat away at the enamel on your teeth, which can lead to holes or cavities.
Action on Sugar, which is part of the Wolfson Institute in Preventive Medicine in the UK, says that people who eat a lot of sugary foods, especially between meals as snacks or in sweetened drinks, are more likely to get tooth decay.
A 2018 study of Chinese college students found that those who drank sweetened drinks at least seven times a week were more likely to get moderate or severe acne.
Also, a 2019 study suggests that reducing sugar intake may lower insulin-like growth factors, androgens, and sebum, all of which may contribute to acne.
Putting on weight and being fat
The hormones in the body that control weight can be changed by sugar. Leptin tells the brain that a person has eaten enough. A 2018 animal study, on the other hand, found that a diet high in sugar may cause leptin resistance.
This could mean that a high-sugar diet makes it harder for the brain to tell when a person has had enough to eat. But scientists haven't tried this on people yet.
Diabetes and resistance to insulin
A 2013 article in PLOS ONE said that eating a lot of sugar over time could lead to type 2 diabetes.
The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) says that type 2 diabetes can also be caused by factors like obesity and insulin resistance.
In 2014, a large prospective study found that people who got 17–21% of their daily calories from added sugar had a 38% higher risk of dying from cardiovascular disease (CVD) than those who got 8% of their calories from added sugar. People who got 21% or more of their energy from added sugars were twice as likely to get CVD.
Blood pressure that's too
In a study done in 2011, researchers found a link between sugary drinks and hypertension, which is another name for high blood pressure. Pharmacological Research has a review that says high blood pressure is a risk factor for CVD. This could mean that sugar makes both problems worse.
When you eat too much sugar, it can lead to inflammation, oxidative stress, and weight gain. These things can make a person more likely to get cancer.
The Annual Review of Nutrition looked at a bunch of studies and found that drinking sugary drinks raised the risk of cancer by 23-200%. Another study found that people who drank sugary drinks and had extra weight around their bellies were 59% more likely to get some types of cancer.
When you eat too much sugar, your body makes advanced glycation end products (AGEs), which are linked to diabetes. But they also change how collagen is made in the skin.
Skin Therapy Letter says that there is some evidence that a high number of AGEs may cause visible signs of aging to happen more quickly. Scientists need to study this more in people, though, to figure out how sugar affects the aging process.
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