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Heart Arrhythmia In Sickle cell disease

Heart Arrhythmia is a condition in sickle cell disease that is described by the improper beating of the heart, either irregular beats, or too fast, or too slow.  A cardiac arrhythmia occurs when electrical impulses that coordinate the beat in the heart do not work properly. Arrhythmia is also the term irregular heartbeat or heart rhythm problems. The faulty signaling of those electrical impulses causes a heartbeat that is too fast (tachycardia), or too slow (bradycardia), or irregularly. 

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Photo Credit: Hello Doctor Philippines

Heart arrhythmias sometimes feel like a fluttering or racing heart which could most times be harmless and at other times causes a life-threatening sign and symptom in sickle cell disease patients. Heart arrhythmia treatment may include medications, catheter procedures, implanted devices, or surgery to control or eliminate fast heartbeat, slow heartbeat, or irregular heartbeat. 

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Photo Credit: St Vincent’s Heart Health

The types of arrhythmia known to occur in sickle cell disease patients are; the first type is tachycardia which is the fast heart rate greater than hundred beats per minute, the second type is bradycardia which is the slow heart rate which is less than sixty beats in a minute. 

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Photo Credit: Cardiologist Cape Town

Types of tachycardia (fast heart rate) include Atrial fibrillation (chaotic heart signaling a rapid, uncoordinated heart rate associated with stroke), atrial flutter (also linked with stroke), supraventricular tachycardia (starts above the lower heart chambers which is the ventricles), ventricular fibrillation (causes the lower heart chambers that is the ventricles to quiver instead of contracting in a coordinated way that pumps blood to the rest of the body), and ventricular tachycardia. 

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Photo Credit: SSM Health

The types of bradycardia (slow heart rate) include sick sinus syndrome (the sinus node is responsible for setting the pace of the heart and not functioning well causes this syndrome), and conduction blocks (a block in the heart’s electrical pathways). Symptoms are; a fluttering in the chest, a racing heartbeat (tachycardia), a slow heartbeat (bradycardia), chest pain, shortness of breath, anxiety, fatigue, dizziness, sweating, fainting, and lightheadedness. 

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Photo Credit: RWJBarnabas Health

Content created and supplied by: Dr-Kikiope (via Opera News )

Doctor Heart Philippines

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