Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a primary cause of many cardiovascular disorders. It happens when the blood's push against the artery walls is excessively high.
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Blood pressure readings of less than 120/80 mm Hg are considered normal. Doctors may recommend therapy depending on how high your BP is. High blood pressure (HBP, or hypertension) has no clear symptoms to signal that something is wrong. While high blood pressure cannot be cured, it can be effectively managed with the help of lifestyle changes and medications.
There are no obvious indications or symptoms of elevated blood pressure. However, once you've had it, your heart is in grave danger. While HBP is difficult to identify without a professional diagnosis, there are several warning symptoms that may appear once you've reached a severe stage.
1. Shortness of breath.
1Shortness of breath can occur when a person has severe pulmonary hypertension. High blood pressure is high blood pressure in the blood vessels that supply the lungs.
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It can cause acute anxiety, headaches, nosebleeds, and even loss of consciousness if not treated promptly.
2. Nosebleeds and headaches.
A high blood pressure level usually goes unnoticed. According to the American Heart Association, in the most extreme circumstances, headaches and nosebleeds might occur, especially when blood pressure is 180/120 mm Hg or higher. If your headaches persist and you have a bleeding nose, seek medical attention right once.
While some blood pressure drugs might cause dizziness, it is not caused by high blood pressure. Dizziness, on the other hand, should not be dismissed, especially if it occurs suddenly.
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A stroke can cause sudden dizziness, loss of balance or coordination, and difficulty walking. High blood pressure is a major contributor to stroke risk.
4. Blood spots in the eyes.
Blood spots in the eyes (subconjunctival hemorrhage) are more common in persons who have diabetes or high blood pressure, but none of these conditions causes the blood spots. Floaters in the eyes aren't linked to high blood pressure, either.
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An ophthalmologist, on the other hand, may be able to diagnose optic nerve damage caused by untreated high blood pressure.
Lifestyle changes can help you lower your blood pressure before doctors prescribe medication. Individuals with stage 2 hypertension or those who have had a heart attack or stroke are more likely to be prescribed medication.
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