As the world continues to suffer at the hands of the COVID-19 pandemic, a lot of false assumptions have surrounded the discussions on it.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), this Virus which has spread from a little fraction of the world, in China, has metamorphosed from a mere public health emergency of international concern to a Pandemic in March 11, 2020.
Ever since it was discovered, over tens of millions of infections have been recorded globally, wherein more than a million deaths have been credited to it.
From the time that this Virus started appearing as Pandemic in the daily news headlines, people have started growing phobia for it, and due to this very fact much misconceptions and rumors have been levelled against the virus.
Here is an attempt to address some of these myths and conspiracy theories surrounding Corona Virus.
1) The Spraying of chlorine or alcohol on the skin kills viruses in the body
There are other harms that the application of alcohol or chlorine to the skin can cause, especially if it enters the eyes or mouth. Even though these chemicals can be used to disinfect surfaces, yet it is not advisable for people to use them on their bodies.
On the other hand, it is good to note that these products cannot kill viruses inside the body.
2) Adults and Older People are the only ones who are at the risk of this infection
SARS-CoV-2, like other coronaviruses, can infest people of any age. The only difference is that older adults and persons who have preexisting health conditions, such as: diabetes, obesity, or asthma, are more likely to become severely ill.
Yet it does not negate the fact that anyone, of any age, can develop the infection that causes COVID-19. Even though that most of the cases are recorded among adults, yet Children are not immune to it.
3) The belief that COVID-19 is just like the flu
It appears that the symptoms of both virus are the same. The COVID-19 has flu-like symptoms, such as body aches, a fever, and a cough. Symptoms of both can be said to be mild, severe, or rarely fatal. Their illness can also cause pneumonia.
However, the overall character of COVID-19 is more serious. Different countries have reported different mortality rates, which is quite different and greater than that of an ordinary flu.
4) Everyone with COVID-19 dies
This is false. Just as we have narrated in the above guide, COVID-19 is quite ravaging and fatal for people who develop the illness and those who have other health complications.
Some people who have this COVID-19 experience do not even need specialist treatment in a hospital. This is seen among those who have mild symptoms like fever, cough, sore throat, tiredness, and a little shortness of breath. There are also some persons with this infection, who do not experience any symptoms at all.
5) Animals, like Cats and dogs, spread the coronavirus
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), “There is no evidence that animals play a significant role in spreading the virus that causes COVID-19.”
It is a debate among the scientists on the nature of these issue in animals. One of such persons by name Jonathan Ball, a professor of molecular virology at the University of Nottingham, in the United Kingdom, has stated that: “We have to differentiate between real infection and just detecting the presence of the virus. I still think it’s questionable how relevant it is to the human outbreak, as most of the global outbreak has been driven by human-to-human transmission.”
6) Face masks will always protect us against the coronavirus infection
These disposable and clothlike masks can protect against droplets, but it may not be able to save someone against the intake of some aerosolized particles.
The directives from the CDC is for all people to wear clothlike face masks in public areas where it is difficult to maintain a 6-foot, or 2-meter, distance from others. This will only help to lessen the spread of the virus.
Even while wearing the facemask, it is altogether necessary to continue with other Precautionary Methods, such as not touching the face, physical distancing, and washing the hands frequently.
7) Hand dryers kill the coronavirus
Hand dryers have not been certified to be killing SARS-CoV-2. The best way to guide oneself and others from the virus is to wash the hands with soap and water regularly. And at an instance for at least 20 seconds.
But if there is no possibility for water and soap, one can also make use of an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
8) One has to be with someone for up to 10 minutes before one can catch the virus
The longer a person is close to someone with the infection, the likelier the virus is to transmit. However, the virus can pass from person to person even under 10 minutes.
9) You can protect yourself by gargling bleach
People should be discouraged from putting bleach in their mouths. Gargling bleach in one's mouth has no health benefit.
Bleach is corrosive and can cause serious damage. It is not an edible and should not be considered as such.
10) Antibiotics kill the coronavirus
Antibiotics are meant to kill bacteria. Their healing prowess is not extended to that of viruses. As such, they cannot kill Virus.
11) Thermal scanners can be used to diagnose the coronavirus
Thermal scanners are useful in terms of detecting whether someone has a fever. However, one should know that fever can result from any number of health issues.
In the case of coronavirus, the symptoms appear between 2–14 days after the infection has developed. What this means is that if someone develops symptoms, the temperature might be normal for days before a fever begins.
12) Garlic is an antidote for coronaviruses
Some researches have suggested that garlic may help in slowing the growth of some species of bacteria. However, COVID-19 springs from a virus, and not a bacteria.
It has not been certified, either, that garlic can protect people from COVID-19.
13) Parcels from China can spread the coronavirus
Based on research, some scientists have affirmed that the virus cannot survive on letters or packages for longer or extended periods.
The CDC maintains that “Although the virus can survive for a short period on some surfaces, it is unlikely to be spread from domestic or international mail, products, or packaging.”
14) Home remedies can cure and protect against COVID-19
No home remedies have been certified also as a protection against COVID-19. Whether it is vitamin C, essential oils, silver colloid, sesame oil, garlic, fish tank cleaner, sage, or water. It doesn't matter if the person has to take it for every 15 minutes.
15) You can catch the coronavirus from eating Chinese food in the US
This is equally absurd. It is ridiculous. That the Chinese has a hand in the virus those not substantiate this particular fact.
16) The virus will die off when temperatures rise
When it comes to some viruses, like the cold and flu viruses, we can say that they spread more easily in colder months. But this does not mean that their transmission stops in warmer weather.
Currently, it is not in the scientific record on how temperature changes can influence the behavior of SARS-CoV-2.
17) 5G helps the spread of COVID-19
The world is becoming more connected, as such some regions are rolling out 5G mobile technology. Because of this, some conspiracy theories have been launched by some ignorant technocrats. It is actually a myth that 5G is responsible for this spread of COVID-19.
Part of the reasons that has fueled this conspiracy theories could be because Wuhan was one of the first cities to test the 5G in China. That notwithstanding, some cities like Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou were also among those that rolled out the 5G during the same time.
It is good to highlight that even countries and states with little or no 5G coverage have been ravaged by this Virus, like Iran.
Finally, to be on a safer side, the Precautionary Methods have been and will continue to be the following guides:
a. To wash the hands frequently, for 20 seconds at a time.
b. To use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
c. To wear a face covering in public, and to avoid crowded places.
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