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5 Facts About Sickle Cell

Sickle cell disease is a hereditary disorder that creates malformed red blood cells.

sickle cell disease: Swelling of hands &amp; feet, fatigue, irritability:  Everything you need to know about sickle cell disease - <a class=The Economic Times"/>

Photo Credit: The Economic Times

One of the most prevalent inherited blood anemias is sickle cell anemia. Africans and African Americans are the main victims of the disease. Sickle cell anemia (also known as sickle cell disease) is a blood illness caused by an inherited defective hemoglobin gene (the oxygen-carrying protein within the red blood cells).

Sickle cell anemia - Symptoms and causes - <a class=Mayo Clinic"/>

Photo Credit: Mayo Clinic

Red blood cells become distorted (sickled under a microscope) as a result of the defective hemoglobin. The delicate sickled red blood cells are prone to rupturing. Anemia occurs when the quantity of red blood cells in the body decreases due to rupture (hemolysis). Sickle cell anemia is the medical term for this illness. The sickled cells' abnormal shape can potentially obstruct blood arteries, causing tissue and organ damage.

See 5 Facts about the disease.

1. Sickle cell anemia (SCD) is a blood hemoglobin condition that is hereditary.

2. Two sickle cell genes must be inherited in order to develop sickle cell anemia.

3. Sickle cell trait, which is caused by the inheritance of a single sickle gene, almost never causes complications.

4. Almost all of the major symptoms of sickle cell anemia are caused by irregularly shaped sickled red blood cells obstructing blood flow.

5. The current treatment of sickle cell anemia is directed primarily toward managing the individual features of the illness as they occur.

Content created and supplied by: Dr-Kikiope (via Opera News )

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