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Disease prevention and treatment

Facts You Should know About Cancer.

CANCER

Cancer us a disease that occurs as a result of cellular changes which causes uncontrolled growth and division of cells. Some types of cancer causes rapid growth, while others cause cell to grow and divide at a slower rate.

In some cases, it result in visible growths called Tumors, while others such as Leukemia (Blood Cancer) do not have visible growth. Most cells in the body have specific functions and fixed lifespan. A cell receives instruction to die so that the body can replace it with a newer cell that functions better.

Cancerous cells build up in the body using oxygen and nutrients that would nourish other cells to perform or function regularly.

CAUSES OF CANCER

• Smoking causes about 90% of lung cancer.

• Heavy alcohol drinking or consumption.

• Excess body weight.

• Poor nutrition.

• Physical inactivity.

• Age (50 years and above). According to the American Cancer Society "ACS" it is diagnosed that about 87% of cancer cases are in people from 50 years and above.

• Certain infections.

• Radiation.

• Prolonged exposure to asbestos.

TYPES OF CANCER

The types of cancer are classified by the type of cell that the tumor resembles. Which are :

A. Carcinoma

i. Breast cancer - occurs mainly in women

ii. Prostrate cancer - occurs mainly in men

iii. Lung cancer

iv. Pancreas cancer

v. Colon cancer.

B. Sarcoma

Bone (Connective tissues)

C. Lymphoma & Leukemia

Blood Cancer

D. Germ Cell Tumor

E. Blastoma.


PREVENTION OF CANCER

1. Dietary Factors

- Reduce excess consumption of red meat or processed meat. Eat more of fruits and vegetables, whole grain and fish. Examples of foods that Cancer patients should eat regularly are :

Apples

Berries

Walnuts

Legumes

Carrots

Cruciferous vegetables

Fatty fish

These foods contains naturally occurring compounds that have potent anticancer properties. Berries contain vitamins, minerals and anthocyanins which lower biomarkers for colon cancer and also prevent growth of breast cancer tumor. Fish oil also lowers the risk of Prostrate cancer.

2. Medication.

3. Vaccination.

4. Generally avoid the causes of cancer.


Treatment of Cancer

Cancer can be treated in several ways like:

Surgery

Chemotherapy

Radiation therapy

Hormonal therapy

Palliative Care.

Content created and supplied by: C'vestre (via Opera News )

ACS American Cancer Society Blood Leukemia

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