Cancer us a disease that occurs as a result of cellular changes which causes uncontrolled growth and division of cells. Some types of cancer causes rapid growth, while others cause cell to grow and divide at a slower rate.
In some cases, it result in visible growths called Tumors, while others such as Leukemia (Blood Cancer) do not have visible growth. Most cells in the body have specific functions and fixed lifespan. A cell receives instruction to die so that the body can replace it with a newer cell that functions better.
Cancerous cells build up in the body using oxygen and nutrients that would nourish other cells to perform or function regularly.
CAUSES OF CANCER
• Smoking causes about 90% of lung cancer.
• Heavy alcohol drinking or consumption.
• Excess body weight.
• Poor nutrition.
• Physical inactivity.
• Age (50 years and above). According to the American Cancer Society "ACS" it is diagnosed that about 87% of cancer cases are in people from 50 years and above.
• Certain infections.
• Prolonged exposure to asbestos.
TYPES OF CANCER
The types of cancer are classified by the type of cell that the tumor resembles. Which are :
i. Breast cancer - occurs mainly in women
ii. Prostrate cancer - occurs mainly in men
iii. Lung cancer
iv. Pancreas cancer
v. Colon cancer.
Bone (Connective tissues)
C. Lymphoma & Leukemia
D. Germ Cell Tumor
PREVENTION OF CANCER
1. Dietary Factors
- Reduce excess consumption of red meat or processed meat. Eat more of fruits and vegetables, whole grain and fish. Examples of foods that Cancer patients should eat regularly are :
These foods contains naturally occurring compounds that have potent anticancer properties. Berries contain vitamins, minerals and anthocyanins which lower biomarkers for colon cancer and also prevent growth of breast cancer tumor. Fish oil also lowers the risk of Prostrate cancer.
4. Generally avoid the causes of cancer.
Treatment of Cancer
Cancer can be treated in several ways like:
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