At present, China has the largest population in the world at 1.4 billion people. However, returning in 1979, Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping established a one-child policy to reduce resource demand such as water and housing. In 1965, the average household had six children. Suddenly cutting the number into one means that the policy prevents up to 400 million births.
But how many Westerners know about this one-child policy? How did it be enforced? What are the consequences? Hopefully the following ten facts will illuminate some of these well-known details.
10. Family History Planning
The Chinese population began to exceed the resources available long before the introduction of one child's policy. Following the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949, the Chinese government began to preach the importance of family planning and encourage the use of birth control as a means of managing populations. However, this initiative is not mandatory, and does not produce the expected results. Apart from major Chinese hunger that killed tens of millions of people, the country's population was still quickly close to one billion in the late 1970s.
Parents who obey the policy of one child will receive a certificate entitled them for all kinds of benefits, including access to government services, better job opportunities, higher wages, better maternity leave, and better housing. These benefits act as incentives to make policies seem to be more fun.
Needless to say, this benefit is not available to those who do not comply with one child's policy. If violated, parents will find themselves experiencing a severe fines and at risk of having their property confiscated by corrupt officials. To worsen the circumstances, salaries often decrease fifteen percent and get access to help services suddenly become quite difficult. In extreme cases, women experience forced sterilization.
With regard to their own families, government officials and the country's rich people often ignore the policy, because they are able to pay a fine. In fact, many offending officials have never been punished at all.
One child's policy does not apply to everyone in China. Only Han - the biggest ethnic group in the world - is expected to obey. Ethnic minorities, such as Uighurs and Tibet, are permitted to have more than one child, and so are the rural Chinese families if their eldest child is a baby girl. Another exception allows couples to bear more offspring if they themselves are only children. And finally, the second child is generally accepted if the first is born with the main health problem.
6. Unregistered children
Up to thirteen babies born outside the one-child policy, which means they have never been officially recorded in the Chinese National Household registration system. As a consequence, they do not have hukou, identification documents similar to social security cards. In other words, technically they don't exist. As a ghost, they were rejected by help from most government services. They will never receive formal education and health care, nor will have a stable job or become ABL
Parents are allowed to keep both children if they have twins. In fact, those who are interested in having many children but do not want to conflict with the desire of the government, often looking for fertility drugs to increase the chances of having twins. The most popular method is "Multiple Baby Pill," but it is not true, it has serious side effects. Nevertheless, it is estimated that the number of twins born per year has multiplied during one child's policy.
4. Women's care
With one million part-time and full-time workers hired to ensure women use birth control, the treatment of women is very questionable at the best time. In many cases, especially in the early 1980s, women were forced to get an abortion or, as mentioned above, to undergo sterilization if they were pregnant with the second child. One way in which the Chinese government dropped the woman from violating the policy was to deny their medicines when giving birth first.
3. Gender imbalance
Living in a society dominated by men, many Chinese families hope men as their children who are legally permitted. As a result, girls are often ignored or incorporated for adoption to foreign parents due to disappointment. Doctors are prohibited because they reveal the sex of children who have not been born, but through bribery, many parents can cancel women's fetus before they can be reported to the government. This provides an opportunity for parents to "try again." It should be noted, however, that many babies are born to love parents and receive better education than they usually have with many siblings.
Whatever, preferential care has created a great gender imbalance. There are around 33 million young men than women who live in China today. That means millions of men will not be able to find their wives. Therefore, government officials have expressed concern about men who resulted in the abduction and potential to increase victims of sex trade.
2. Chinese labor
It's more than forty years since the introduction of one child's policy and we now begin to feel the negative consequences of population control. For example, Chinese workers have shrunk rapidly over the past few years. The United Nations predicted that the country would lose around 67 million workers in 2030. The policy of two children was imposed on January 1, 2016, but maybe at least two decades to begin to improve the damage made in the Chinese economy by the one-child policy.
1. aging population
With a revenge newspaper, China faced an imbalance with their aging population too. As parents of policies continue to retire, one of their children will be burdened by supporting them - and in some cases, their grandparents - everything alone. With reduced labor, there will be too few caregivers to tend to be people who have never had children, who will make great tension on Chinese resources, such as health care. The imbalance of the drastic age and decrease in workers is the two main reasons why the one child's policy is amended.
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