An Abuja-based Centre for the Study of Economies of Africa (CSEA) has reported that research it conducted had revealed that 28,876 deaths related to tobacco smoking are recorded annually in Nigeria. Smoking is a leading cause of preventable deaths and morbidity, linked to a high burden of lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), ischemic heart diseases, and stroke. It accounts for more than 7 million deaths annually with about 10% of these resulting from second-hand smoke. There are around 1.1 billion smokers worldwide and about 80% of these live in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where more than two-thirds of smoking-related deaths occur. Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and has one of the leading tobacco markets in Africa, with over 18 billion cigarettes sold annually costing Nigerians over US$ 931 million.
Tobacco use and lung health
As well as being a major risk factor for lung and other pulmonary cancers in Nigeria, tobacco use also causes and exacerbates a wide range of other diseases of the lung. Tobacco use is responsible for 46% of deaths from COPD, a progressive lung disease that causes breathlessness and chronic cough. One in five smokers will develop COPD in their lifetime and adults who were exposed to second-hand smoke during childhood are also at increased risk due to impaired lung growth and function. Tobacco is also a contributing factor to other lung diseases, including tuberculosis (TB) and asthma. Globally, 20% of all deaths from tuberculosis are attributable to smoking, and in the Region of the Americas, this figure stands at 15%.
How to Improve Lungs Health
(a) Quit Smoking. The first step to repairing the quality of your lungs is to quit smoking.
(b) Avoid Smokers.
(c) Keep Your Space Clean. ...
(d) Healthy Dieting.
(e) Physical Exercise.
(f) Try Breathing Exercises.
(g) Try Meditating.
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