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WHO Recommends Groundbreaking Malaria Vaccines for Children at Risks

The World Health Organization (WHO)has recommended widespread immunization of children across sub-Saharan Africa and elsewhere with the world’s first vaccine against malaria to advance beyond pilot and testing phases. Sub-Saharan Africa is home to more than 90 percent of malaria deaths worldwide, with many areas of moderate to high transmission. The recommendation is based on results from an ongoing WHO-coordinated pilot program of the RTS,S vaccine in Ghana, Kenya, and Malawi that has reached more than 800,000 children since 2019. Using this vaccine in addition to existing tools to prevent malaria could save tens of thousands of young lives each year.” RTS,S has been proven to significantly reduce life-threatening, severe malaria among children by 30 percent.

Malaria

According to the WHO, malaria is an infectious disease that occurs due to the transmission of parasites to a person by mosquito bites that carry the infection. Around 409,000 people died from malaria in 2019, 67% (274,000) of whom were children under 5 years old. In 2019, 94% of deaths and cases of malaria occurred in Africa. A person will typically only experience symptoms 10–15 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. Initial symptoms may be mild, including headache and fever, and it can be hard to tell whether they indicate malaria. However, these symptoms can quickly become life-threatening without treatment in the first 24 hours.

Severe malaria

In severe malaria, clinical or laboratory evidence shows signs of vital organ dysfunction.

Symptoms of severe malaria include:

(a) Fever and chills

(b) Impaired consciousness

(c) Prostration, or adopting a prone position

(d) Multiple convulsions

(e) Deep breathing and respiratory distress

(f) Abnormal bleeding and signs of anemia

(g) Clinical jaundice and evidence of vital organ dysfunction

(h) Severe malaria can be fatal without treatment.

In a world of shrinking attention spans, no one should read the news and think that malaria is now solved. It isn’t. The vaccine is a landmark, but it’s not 100% by any measure.

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Content created and supplied by: LIZZYhealthmedia (via Opera News )

Ghana Malaria Malawi WHO World Health Organization

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