Lymphoma is a treatable type of cancer that affects the lymphatic system.
The lymphatic system is a network of tubes (lymph vessels) and glands (lymph nodes) responsible for collecting and filtering waste from the body in clear liquid forms known as lymph.
This lymph contains white blood cells called lymphocytes, which helps in the fight against infection.
Lymphoma occurs as a result of the damage of the lymphocytes. This damage can cause cancer. When this happens, the abnormal lymphocytes become unable to fight off infections.
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One of the first symptoms of lymphoma is a painless swelling of one or more lymph nodes, mainly in the neck, armpit, or groin. This swelling is usually a result of a build-up of abnormal lymphocytes (white blood cells) in the lymph node.
It can also be a result of infection. Other symptoms may include unexplained tiredness, night fever, unexplained weight loss, widespread itching, trouble getting over infections, cheapest and stomach pain, swollen tummy, etc.
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Lymphoma is more common in people who have a weakened immune system. People with conditions such as an inherited immune disorder, an autoimmune disease, or HIV infection, or AIDS are easy targets for the disease.
Also, you have a higher risk of developing lymphoma if you have a family history of large diseases. Exposure to some radiation or toxins like benzene and some agricultural chemicals and cigarette smoke puts you at risk of the disease. However, having one or more of these risk factors, does not mean you will develop lymphoma.
The main treatment options for lymphoma are chemotherapy and radiotherapy, or a combination of both. However, lymphoma treatment is determined by the type and stage of the disease. Other factors that can influence the treatment of the disease include your age and general health.
In some cases, a stem cell transplant will be required if the lymphoma has recurred (come back) or is likely to recur in the future.
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