When getting intimate, it is important that you use protection to avoid contracting STDs. STDs are infections that are caused by viruses or bacteria transmitted through intimacy. Although not all STDs are deadly, they can still cause severe damage to your overall health.
In this article, we’ll learn about STDs that can result in death and poor health conditions;
1. Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B is an infection that affects the liver. It is transmitted through contact with body fluids. This can be; transfer from mother to baby, intimacy, kissing, using contaminated sharp objects and contact with infected blood.
Hepatitis B has some common symptoms which include; fever, pain in the abdomen, yellow eyes, yellow skin and loss of appetite. The best way to prevent hepatitis B through vaccination.
2. Human papillomavirus infection (HPV)
HPV is transmitted through skin contact. It is a vital infection that can affect your throat, mouth and genitals. HPV can cause other critical health conditions like cervical cancer and genital warts.
HPV can be prevented by going for pap smear test every three years. HPV is common amongst women, so it is highly advised that women go for pap smears every three years once they clock 20 years.
Herpes is an infection that is transmitted during intimacy. The infection causes sores that contain fluids and can burst open at any time. Herpes is caused by a 2 viruses. HSV-1 causes cold sores while HSV-2 causes genital herpes. Herpes is transmitted through bodily fluids like vaginal secretion, saliva and semen.
Symptoms of genital herpes include; sores around the male and female organs, sores on the buttocks, sores on the mouth and lips, body pain and fever. Unfortunately, there is no treatment for herpes but the outbreak of sores can be treated using antiviral medication.
4. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
HIV is a viral disease that destroys the immune system. It makes it difficult to for the body to fight against antibodies. HIV is transmitted through contact with bodily fluids. These fluids include; blood, breast milk, vaginal fluids and semen. Most of the fluids listed are transmitted during intimacy. HIV damages the immune system, if it is left in the body for too long, it develops into a more critical condition called AIDS.
Acquired Immunodeficiency Virus is an advanced stage of HIV. This stage shortens lifespan, and people with aids have a life expectancy not more than 3 years. A person with HIV/AIDS will experience pneumonia diarrhea, persistent dry cough, rashes, pain and soreness.
Although, it can’t be cured, HIV/AIDS can be managed using antiretroviral drugs. Antiretroviral drugs prevent the HIV virus from developing into AIDS.
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