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Fatty Liver Disease: See Its Causes, Unhealthy Lifestyles That Cause It And Foods To Avoid

The liver is a huge component of the human body and it plays certain important and unavoidable roles that support life such as the production of bile to help digestion of ingested food substances, synthesis of protein for the body, storage of iron, conversion of nutrients into energy, synthesis of substances that aid blood clotting and removal of bacteria and toxins that can harm the body from the blood. Along with the kidneys, the liver is considered the body's natural detoxifier.

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According to scientists, a normal human liver often weighs approximately 1.5 kg and the liver would contain a small amount of fat. However, when the fat content of the liver reaches 5% to 10% of the liver’s weight, a serious health condition known as fatty liver disease or steatosis is said to have developed. As explained, it is caused by having too much build-up of fat in the liver, and while it is a common condition, it must not be taken lightly.

This is because while it may not cause any serious problem or prevent the liver from functioning at its optimal level, fatty liver disease often gets worse in many people (about 7% to 30% of people who have the condition), and it often leads to the inflammation of the liver (steatohepatitis), damage of the liver and scar tissue formation (fibrosis), and replacement of healthy liver tissue with scar tissue (cirrhosis).

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Fatty liver disease is a silent killer disease because it often leaves no symptoms until the liver becomes damaged as the disease progresses to cirrhosis of the liver. However, when it does show symptoms, the disease is often characterised by symptoms such as abdominal pain and a feeling of fullness in the upper part of the stomach, weakness, nausea, weight loss, loss of appetite, swollen abdomen and legs, jaundice, and extreme tiredness.

The silent-killer status of fatty liver disease makes it important to be conversant with some of its common causes and strive to avoid the particular lifestyle choices that may lead to it. A few of the unhealthy lifestyle choices linked to fatty liver disease include:

1. Being overweight or obese.

2. Excessive alcohol intake.

3. Consuming self-prescribed medications.

4. Not being physically active.

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Apart from the aforementioned lifestyle choices that can contribute to fatty liver disease, some foods are also known to contribute to fatty liver disease by generally contributing to weight gain and increased blood sugar. It is recommended that such foods be avoided or consumed in moderation. A few examples of such foods are highlighted below:

1. Fried foods

2. White bread

3. Pasta

4. Soda

5. Red meat

6. Alcohol

7. Fruit juices

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Source: my.clevelandclinic.org.

Content created and supplied by: Jakeson (via Opera News )

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