Arthritis is a prevalent disease that causes persistent inflammation in the joints.
Depending on the kind, it causes discomfort and damage to joints, bones, and other bodily components.
Although there are over 100 kinds of osteoarthritis, the most prevalent is noninflammatory osteoarthritis. Up to 40% of men and 47% of women may be diagnosed with osteoarthritis at some point in their lives.
Meanwhile, autoimmune illnesses such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and psoriatic arthritis are inflammatory ailments.
Another kind of inflammatory arthritis is gout.
Dietary treatments, such as avoiding specific foods and drinks, have been shown to lower symptom severity and enhance the overall quality of life in patients with inflammatory arthritis and osteoarthritis.
If you have arthritis, you should avoid the following foods and beverages:
Sugar should be avoided at all costs, but especially if you have arthritis. Candy, soda, ice cream, and a variety of other meals, including less visible products like barbecue sauce, include added sugars.
Sugar-sweetened drinks and sweets were the most often reported to exacerbate RA symptoms in a study of 217 persons with rheumatoid arthritis.
Furthermore, sugary beverages such as soda may raise your chance of developing arthritis.
In a study of 1,209 people aged 20–30, those who drank fructose-sweetened beverages five times or more per week were three times more likely to have arthritis than those who drank little to no fructose-sweetened beverages.
Furthermore, major research including almost 200,000 women found that drinking sugar-sweetened soda daily was linked to an increased risk of RA.
2. Alcoholic beverages
Alcohol should be limited or avoided by anybody with inflammatory arthritis since it might worsen symptoms. Alcohol use was linked to greater spinal structural damage in 278 persons with axial spondyloarthritis, inflammatory arthritis that predominantly affects the spinal cord and sacroiliac (SI) joints.
Alcohol use has also been linked to an increase in the frequency and severity of gout episodes in studies. In addition, persistent alcohol intake has been linked to an increased risk of osteoarthritis, however, not all studies have shown a strong relationship.
3. Some types of vegetable oils
Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis symptoms may be exacerbated by diets heavy in omega-6 fats and deficient in omega-3 fats.
These fats are essential for good health. However, in typical Western diets, the unbalanced ratio of omega-6s to omega-3s may promote inflammation.
Reducing your consumption of omega-6 fats, such as vegetable oils, while increasing your intake of omega-3 fats, such as fatty fish, may help to alleviate arthritic symptoms.
4. Red and processed meats
According to certain studies, red and processed meat can cause inflammation, which can worsen arthritis symptoms.
Inflammatory indicators such as interleukin-6 (IL-6), C-reactive protein (CRP), and homocysteine are elevated with diets high in processed and red meats, for example.
The above-mentioned research of 217 patients with RA discovered that red meat frequently aggravated RA symptoms. In addition, research of 25,630 participants found that consuming a lot of red meat may be a risk factor for inflammatory arthritis.
Plant-based diets that omit red meat, on the other hand, have been found to alleviate arthritic symptoms.
5. High-salt foods
People with arthritis may benefit from reducing their salt intake. Shrimp, canned soup, pizza, some cheeses, processed meats, and a variety of other processed foods are rich in salt.
Mouse research revealed that arthritis was more severe in mice on a high salt diet than in those on a diet with normal salt levels.
62-day rat research also found that a low-salt diet reduced the severity of RA when compared to a high-salt diet. Low-salt mice showed less cartilage degradation and bone damage, as well as fewer inflammatory indicators than high-salt mice.
Interestingly, excessive salt consumption has been identified as a risk factor for autoimmune illnesses such as inflammatory arthritis by experts.
High salt consumption was linked to an elevated incidence of RA in a study of 18,555 individuals.
6. Foods containing gluten
Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley, rye, and triticale, among other grains (a cross between wheat and rye). According to some studies, it is linked to increased inflammation, and being gluten-free may help with arthritic symptoms.
Furthermore, persons with celiac disease are more likely to get RA. Similarly, those with autoimmune illnesses, such as RA, have a far greater risk of celiac disease than the general population.
A gluten-free, vegan diet was proven to decrease disease activity and improve inflammation in 66 patients with RA in an older, one-year trial.
7. Foods that have been heavily processed
Refined grains, added sugar, preservatives, and other potentially inflammatory components are common in ultra-processed foods like fast food, morning cereal, and baked goods, all of which can aggravate arthritic symptoms.
According to research, a Western diet high in excessively processed foods may raise your risk of RA by adding to inflammation and risk factors such as obesity.
Furthermore, in a study of 56 patients with RA, those who consumed more ultra-processed foods had greater heart disease risk factors, including higher levels of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), a long-term blood sugar management measure.
As a result, processed meals may wreak havoc on your general health while also raising your chance of contracting additional ailments.
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