Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted disease that is caused by a bacterium known as Neisseria Gonnorrhoea which attacks the urethra in men and the cervix in women, and it can also attack the throat and the rectum. More often than not, women do not experience any symptoms and may not even know that they have the disease, unless it is discovered during a test or an examination.
SYMPTOMS OF GONORRHOEA
In men, there may not be any recognisable symptoms until five days after they have been infected and sometimes, it may take up to three weeks before they show. However, it may take several weeks or even months before an infected woman get any noticeable symptoms. Among the common and noticeable symptoms of gonorrhoea are:
(1) Men experience a burning sensation while urinating.
(2) Purulent discharge or pus from the urethra in men, and the vagina in women.
(3) Fever and vomiting.
Complications that can arise if the disease is left untreated or not properly treated include:
(1) Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) in women.
(2) Menstrual disorder.
(3) Urinary tract problems.
(4) Urethra stricture in men.
(5) Body rash and sores in men.
(6) Swollen and painful testicles.
(7) Swollen and painful knees, ankles or wrists.
(8) Infertility in both men and women.
(9) A baby born to a woman who has gonorrhoea will have its eyes infected and this can impair its vision.
After it has been confirmed through a diagnostic test(s) that an individual has gonorrhoea, the infection is usually treated with penicillin injection but in cases where the bacterium is resistant to penicillin, other antibiotics such as tetracycline, co-trimoxazole, kanamycin and streptomycin are prescribed; however, kanamycin must not be administered to pregnant women and persons with kidney problems. People who are allergic to penicillin can take other antibiotics but allergic pregnant women can only take erythromycin as prescribed by a qualified medical doctor. Finally, it is advisable to treat every person who had recently had sexual intercourse with the infected person being treated and the treatment must be completed in order to prevent a relapse.
The information contained in this article is for educational purpose only. It is not a substitute for a doctor's advice or prescription.
Avoid self-medication, always consult a qualified medical doctor before making any medical decision or taking any drug.
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