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Disease prevention and treatment

6 Tongue Diseases you should know about and how to prevent them

 Our tongue is a muscular organ located in the mouth. It is covered with moist, pink tissue known as mucosa. 

There are tiny bumps called papillae that give the tongue its rough texture. The tongue has thousands of taste buds that cover the surfaces of the papillae. 

These taste buds are collections of nerve-like cells that connect to some nerves running into the brain. We use this delicate organ for chewing and swallowing food, as well as for communication.

The four common tastes are sweet, sour, bitter, and salty. Although there's a fifth taste, called umami, results from tasting glutamate (present in Monosodium glutamate).

The tongue has numerous nerves that help detect and transmit taste signals to our brain. As a result of this, all parts of the tongue can detect these four common tastes.

Here are 6 tongue conditions that most people suffer from;

Thrush (candidiasis): Candida albicans is a yeast that grows over the surface of the mouth and tongue. Thrush can happen in almost anyone, but it occurs often in people taking steroids or with weakened immune systems, children, and the elderly.

Oral cancer: It's a growth or ulcer that appears on the tongue and grows steadily. Oral cancer is most common in people who smoke and/or drink alcohol a lot.

Photo Credit: Shutterstock

Canker sores: These are small, painful ulcers that appear from time to time on the tongue or mouth. A relatively common condition, the cause of canker sores is not known but they are unrelated to the cold sores caused by herpes viruses. People that have it can't give it to others.

Hairy tongue: Here, the papillae can overgrow the surface of the tongue, giving it a white or black look. Scraping off the papillae can correct this harmless condition. A specialist can take care of this problem.

Burning mouth/burning tongue syndrome: This is a relatively common problem. The tongue feels burned, irritated, scalded, or strange tastes or sensations may be felt. Sometimes, a harmless, burning mouth syndrome may be caused by a mild nerve problem.

Atrophic glossitis or bald tongue: The tongue loses its bumpy natural texture, making it look smooth. It can be due to anemia or a B vitamin deficiency.

Content created and supplied by: Ikechilivy (via Opera News )



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