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Epstein Barr syndrome during pregnancy

Pregnancy is considered an immunocompromised state.

Therefore, during pregnancy, a woman is at high risk of infections.

Pregnant women need to be extra careful in this phase of her life.

Infections can be caused due to fungus, bacteria, or viruses. One such viral infection is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus.

What is Epstein-Barr Syndrome?

Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) another name for herpesvirus 4, human herpesvirus family member.

It is the most common human virus. By the age of 35 years, almost all people have antibodies to EBV in their blood.

Disease caused by EBV is known as infectious mononucleosis or glandular fever. The childhood infection of EBV is asymptomatic, but in 35 to 50% cases it may develop into mononucleosis.

The virus remains dormant in the childhood phase and can be activated at any time.

The virus can be detected in the saliva and thus is also known as “kissing disease”.

Does it cause an infection or disease?

There is no apparent infection seen in healthy infants and adults from the first introduction to EBV.

Though in teenagers and young adults or people in immunocompromised state significant symptoms can be observed and can even progress to infectious mononucleosis (“mono”)

EBV is not the only virus causing infectious mononucleosis but is the most common cause. Out of every 4 infections with EBV 1 will result in mononucleosis infection.

EBV has the potential to cause many more diseases and conditions like :

1. Viral meningitis

2. Encephalitis

3. Transverse myelitis

4. Optic neuritis

5. Acute Cerebellar Ataxia

6. Paralysis of the facial muscles or on either side of the body.

7. Guillian -Barre syndrome

8. Poor immune system

9. Myocarditis

10. Pneumonia

11. Lung disease

Is it dangerous during pregnancy?

Different studies show different results and therefore, until now, the correlation between

EBV reactivation during pregnancy and congenital abnormalities or low birth weight or premature delivery is not known.

Though studies demonstrates the relationship between significant EBV reactivation and premature delivery and low birth weight.

But there's no confirmative conclusion upon the EBV and it affects on pregnancy. More research is required.

Moreover, almost all studies agree that EBV reactivation is not linked with fetal death.

How does it spread?

The spread of viruses is often through saliva but can be spread through all kinds of bodily fluids.

As the disease is commonly seen in teenagers it is called kissing disease.

Other body fluids such as blood and semen may also carry the virus and thus it is possible to get the disease through blood transfusion or sex or from an organ transplant.

Once the virus may make you sick and can remain inactive for a long period.

Later, after reactivation, it may again become contagious.

In summary, though EBV seems to be less harmful in healthy people, pregnant women should take proper care and prevent themselves from incoming contact with an infected person to avoid unnecessary body aches and fever.

Sometimes mono can also lead to complications and therefore, it is important to visit a doctor as soon as possible

Content created and supplied by: Emeraldjoseph (via Opera News )

EBV Epstein Barr Epstein Barr Virus Epstein-Barr Syndrome


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