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How you can maintain good Eye health

There is a popular opinion that immediately your eyesight starts failing you, then it is as a result of aging or eye strain, hence, the eyesight which is probably the most important of your five senses is being taken for granted.

A healthy lifestyle can reduce the risk of some eye diseases which can lead to vision loss if they are identified as early as possible. Para venture you have a history of vision problems, it is important that you have your eyes checked as often as your doctor recommends it.

In this article, the tips to reduce the development of age-related degenerative eye diseases and eye health warning signs will be enumerated and discussed.

Here’s an overview of common eye diseases that you are at risk of developing as you get older. 

Glaucoma: This is a progressive degeneration of your optic nerve which would usually transfer visual information from the eyes to the brain. This can cause poor eyesight or even total blindness

Cataracts: This is a condition in which your eyes become clouded or misty. It is a leading cause of vision impairment and blindness amongst aged people

Diabetic retinopathy: a condition associated with diabetes that develops when the blood sugar levels rise, damages the blood vessels in your retina, and causes visual impairment and eventually blindness.

Dry eye disease: a condition of insufficient tear fluid which causes your eyes to dry up, leading to potential vision problems.

Macular degeneration is the degeneration of the central part of your retina which is age-related and can lead to blindness.

However, your risk of getting these conditions is still dependent on your genes and then your diet and lifestyle also play major roles.

Eating a balanced diet: Your plate of food should include plenty of fruits and vegetables such as oranges or other citrus fruits, spinach, kale, collards. Eating eggs, fish high in omega-3 fatty acids like salmon, tuna and nutrients like lutein, zinc, and vitamins C and E would ward off age-related vision problems.

Wearing protective eyewear and sunglasses: A pair of sunshades will protect your eyes from the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays which can damage your eyes and raise your risk of cataracts and age-related macular degeneration. Also, wearing protective eyewear helps prevent eye injuries when working factory or construction jobs, home repairs or projects, etc.

Maintaining a healthy weight and getting regular exercise: Regular exercises and maintaining a healthy weight will prevent overweight and also help control diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol which are conditions that can lead to some eye or vision problems.

Photo Credit: Adventist Health

Avoid smoking: Smoking increases your risk of cataracts, having your optic nerve-damaged, and macular degeneration.

Having correct knowledge of your family medical history: There are some eye defects that are passed through genetics (inherited), so it is important to find out if there is one in your family as it helps to determine if you are prone to developing it in the long run.

Knowing all other risk factors: The risk of developing age-related eye diseases increases as you get older, knowing this helps you change some part of your lifestyle and behaviors.

Take proper precautions if you wear contacts, wash hands well before putting in or taking them out and endeavor to replace them when needed.

Learn to give your eyes a rest: If you are accustomed to staring at your computer screen for too long which can cause eye strain, blurry vision, dry eyes, etc, you can forget to blink your eyes and it can get very tiring. You can engage a 20-minute rule of looking away about 20 feet in front of you for about 20 seconds intermittently. If your eye strain won’t go away, talk to your doctor about using a pair of computer glasses. You can also glare from screens and lights by using anti-glare lenses if needed.

Nevertheless, it is very important to get comprehensive dilated eye examinations to check for vision and eye problems as it is the only way to detect these issues in their early stages when they will be easier to treat and handle.

Content created and supplied by: DrGeraldine (via Opera News )

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