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How to treat infertility in both male and female

Treatment 

Infertility treatments for men

Treatment will depend on the underlying cause of the infertility.

• Erectile dysfunction or premature ejaculation: Medication, behavioral approaches, or both may help improve fertility.

• Varicocele: Surgically removing a varicose vein in the scrotum may help.

• Blockage of the ejaculatory duct: Sperm can be extracted directly from the testicles and injected into an egg in the laboratory.

• Retrograde ejaculation: Sperm can be taken directly from the bladder and injected into an egg in the laboratory.

• Surgery for epididymal blockage: A blocked epididymis can be surgically repaired. The epididymis is a coil-like structure in the testicles which helps store and transport sperm. If the epididymis is blocked, sperm may not be ejaculated properly.


Infertility treatments for women

Fertility drugs might be prescribed to regulate or induce ovulation. They include:

• Clomifene/ clomiphene (Clomid, Serophene): This encourages ovulation by making the pituitary gland release more follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH).

• Human menopausal gonadotropin, or (Repronex): This contains both FSH and LH. Patients who do not ovulate because of a fault in the pituitary gland may receive this drug as an injection.

• Follicle-stimulating hormone (Gonal-F, Bravelle): It stimulates the ovaries to mature egg follicles.

• Human chorionic gonadotropin (Ovidrel, Pregnyl): Used together with clomiphene, hMG, and FSH, this can stimulate the follicle to ovulate.

• Bromocriptine (Parlodel): This drug inhibits prolactin production. Outside pregnancy and lactation, women with high levels of prolactin may have irregular ovulation cycles and fertility problems.

Surgical procedures for women

If the fallopian tubes are blocked or scarred, surgical repair may make it easier for eggs to pass through.

Endometriosis may be treated through laparoscopic surgery. 


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Clomifene Varicocele

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