When we hear diabetes, the word that comes to most people mind is "excess of sugar in the body " but that is not the only cause of it, let start by analysing the meaning of diabetes.
Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes, is a metabolic disease that causes high blood sugar. The hormone insulin moves sugar from the blood into your cells to be stored or used for energy. With diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t effectively use the insulin it does make.
Untreated high blood sugar from diabetes can damage your nerves, eyes, kidneys, and other organs.
Symptoms of diabetes
Diabetes symptoms are caused by rising blood sugar.
The general symptoms of diabetes
1. Increase in thirst
Increase in intake of water is one of the common symptoms of a diabetic patients.
2. Weight loss
Diabetes causes weight loss, ie; the decrease in the body size.
3. Increase in hunger
Diabetes causes a large intake of food as well as water
4. Extreme fatigue
Extreme tiredness or weakness are one of the visible symptoms of diabetes
5. Blurry vision
Diabetes also limit the eye sight of a person, which causes blurry visions
6. Scores don't heal
Injuries don't heal up very fast for a diabetic patients, they might end up getting worst if it is not properly taken care of
7. Frequent urination
For a diabetic patients, there's a massive increase in the number of time a person a urinate
Causes of diabetes
They are 3 types of diabetes, different causes are associated with each type of diabetes.
1.Type 1 diabetes
Doctors don’t know exactly what causes type 1 diabetes. For some reason, the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas.
Genes may play a role in some people. It’s also possible that a virus sets off the immune system attack.
2.Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes stems from a combination of genetics and lifestyle factors. Being overweight increases your risk too. Carrying extra weight, especially in your belly makes your cells more resistant to the effects of insulin on your blood sugar.
This condition runs in families. Family members share genes that make them more likely to get type 2 diabetes and to be overweight.
Gestational diabetes is the result of hormonal changes during pregnancy. The placenta produces hormones that make a pregnant woman’s cells less sensitive to the effects of insulin. This can cause high blood sugar during pregnancy.
If you are seeing these symptoms mentioned above, do not hesitate to seek medical advise.
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