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Sign You Are Manifesting A Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Infection

HPV infection is a viral infection which mostly causes mucous membrane or skin growths (known as warts). There are over 100 types of human papillomavirus (HPV). Some strains cause warts; while some others may cause various kinds of cancer.

Genital HPV do cause cancer of the lower part of the uterus that connects to the cervix. According to Mayo Clinic, " other forms of cancers such as cancers of the anus; the male and female genital parts; and behind the throat (known as oropharyngeal), have been linked to HPV infection." [1]

HPV infections are commonly transmitted via intimacy; or through other skin-to-skin contact. Vaccines have been used to help protect against the HPV strains. But most especially those which cause cervical cancer or genital warts.


Symptoms

In many cases, your body's immune system is capable of fighting off an HPV infection right before it produces warts. Wart is the common symptom to identify a HPV infection. If warts were to manifest, they tend to differ in appearance depending on the kind of HPV. Here are the different types of warts:


Genital warts. These look like flat lesions with small stemlike protrusions (or cauliflower-like bumps). In women, genital warts show up mainly on the vulva; sometimes near the anus; or on the cervix.

In men, genital warts manifest on the private organ; or around the anus. Genital warts hardly cause pain/discomfort, but they may feel tender and cause itching.


Common warts. Common warts manifest like rough high bumps which occur on both the hands and fingers. In many cases, common warts are not easily noticeable. But they are painful or susceptible to bleeding/injury.



Plantar warts. Plantar warts appear as hard, grain-like growths which occur on the heels; or toes of your feet. These type of warts could cause some discomfort.


Flat warts. Flat warts like the name signifies are flat, but raised lesions. They could show up anywhere on the body. But children tend to get them more on their face. While men have it more in their beard area. And women get it mostly on their legs.


Sources:

[1] Jameson JL, et al., eds. Human papillomavirus infections. In: Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 20th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2018. https://accessmedicine.mhmedical.com. Accessed Feb. 25, 2019.

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HPV Mayo Clinic

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