Ulcers are sores(Wound) that are slow to heal or keep returning. They can take many forms and can appear both on the inside and the outside of your body. In the world today, a lot of people develop ulcer due to one reason or the other, in this article am going to share with you, types of ulcer, causes of ulcer and the solution to an ulcer.
Before we go deep into it, I will like to share with you the types of ulcers.
Types Of Ulcer, Causes, And Their Solution
1. Peptic ulcer(Stomach Ulcer): Peptic ulcers are ulcers that develop in the stomach lining or small intestine. Peptic ulcers can cause heartburn, pain in the stomach, nausea, weight loss, and other symptoms. They can be effectively treated with medication as prescribed by a gastroenterologist.
There are three types of peptic ulcers
i. Gastric Ulcer: which form in the lining of the stomach.
ii. Duodenal Ulcer(Stomach Ulcer): which form in the upper small intestine, it usually appears between ages 30 and 50 and is more common in men than women. Stomach ulcers tend to occur later in life, after age 60, and affect women more often than men.
iii. Esophageal Ulcer: are ulcers that develop inside of the esophagus. These ulcers can typically be treated with changes to lifestyle and diet, coupled with certain medications and other treatments.
CAUSES OF PEPTIC ULCER(Esophageal/Duodenal/Gastric Ulcer)
iv. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacteria
v. Anti-inflammatory drugs(especially Aspirin).
SOLUTION TO PEPTIC ULCER
i. Avoid taking drugs that contain caffeine or aspirin
ii. Eat always(Prolonged periods without food tend to lead to the ulcer)
iii. Avoid taking coffee always
iv. Take antibiotic medications to kill H. pylori.
v. Medications that block acid production and promote healing.
vi. Medications to reduce acid production.
vii. Antacids that neutralize stomach acid.
viii. Medications that protect the lining of your stomach and small intestine.
2. Arterial Ulcer: An arterial ulcer is an ulcer due to inadequate blood supply to the affected area (ischemia). Arterial ulcers tend to occur on the lower legs and feet, and maybe acute, recurrent, or chronic. Ulcers may have multiple contributing factors; these 'mixed ulcers' constitute roughly 15% of all leg ulcers.
CAUSES OF ARTERIAL ULCER
i. Restrictions to blood vessels due to peripheral vascular disease.
ii. Chronic vascular insufficiency.
iii. Vasculitis (inflammatory damage of blood vessels)
iv. Diabetes mellitus.
v. Renal failure.
vi. High blood pressure.
vii. Arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries)
3. Venous Ulcer: are wounds that are thought to occur due to improper functioning of venous valves, usually of the legs (hence leg ulcers). They are the major occurrence of chronic wounds, occurring in 70% to 90% of leg ulcer cases.
CAUSES OF VENOUS ULCER: are caused by poor blood circulation from the legs, such as from venous insufficiency. If this happens, the pressure inside the veins increases. This constant high pressure can gradually damage the tiny blood vessels in your skin and make it fragile.
SOLUTION TO VENOUS ULCER
i. Wear compression stockings or bandages every day as instructed.
ii. Put your feet above your heart as often as possible. ...
iii. Take a walk or exercise every day. ...
iv. Take medicines as directed to help with healing.
4. Mouth Ulcer: These are normally small, painful lesions that develop in your mouth or at the base of your gums. They can make eating, drinking, and talking uncomfortable. Women, adolescents, and people with a family history of mouth ulcers are at higher risk for developing mouth ulcers.
CAUSES OF MOUTH ULCER: Examples include canker sores, burns, biting the tongue or cheeks, eating hot food, and eating acidic foods such as sour sweets and pineapple.
SOLUTION TO MOUTH ULCER
i. using a rinse of warm salt water and baking soda.
ii. placing milk of magnesia on the mouth ulcer.
iii. covering mouth ulcers with baking soda paste.
iv. using over-the-counter benzocaine (topical anesthetic) products like Orajel or Anbesol.
v. applying ice to canker sores.
4. Genital Ulcer: is an open sore located on the genital area, which includes the vulva, penis, perianal region, or anus.
CAUSES OF GENITAL ULCER: sexually transmitted infections, or STIs. These include herpes, syphilis, and chancroid, it may also be caused by inflammatory diseases, trauma, or a bad reaction to skincare products.
SOLUTION TO GENITAL ULCER
Treatment depends on the cause of the ulcers. STIs are usually treated with antibiotic or antiviral pills or shots. If you have an inflammatory disease, you may need a shot or ointment to put on the ulcers. Some genital ulcers go away on their own, but may still lead to more serious infections.
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