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How HIV Affects The Body

Valleybone
By Valleybone | self meida writer
Published 16 days ago - 59 views

HIV attacks a specific type of immune system cell in the body known as the CD4 helper cell or T cell. When HIV destroys this cell, it becomes harder for the body to fight off other infections.

At the point when HIV is left untreated, even a minor disease, for example, a virus can be significantly more extreme. This is on the grounds that the body experiences issues reacting to new infections. 

In addition to the fact that HIV attacks CD4 cells, it likewise utilizes the cells to make a greater amount of the virus. HIV obliterates CD4 cells by utilizing their replication apparatus to make new duplicates of the virus. This at last makes the CD4 cells swell and burst. 

At the point when the virus has annihilated a specific number of CD4 cells and the CD4 check dips under 200, an individual will have advanced to AIDS.

Stages of HIV

HIV is classified into 3 stages namely: 

1.acute HIV 

2.chronic HIV

3. AIDS.

HIV doesn’t always multiply rapidly. If left untreated, it can take years for a person’s immune system to be affected enough to show signs of immune dysfunction and other infections. 

Even without symptoms, HIV can still be present in the body and can still be transmitted. Receiving adequate treatment that results in viral suppression stops the progression of immune dysfunction and AIDS. Adequate treatment also helps a damaged immune system to recover.

The Acute HIV Stage

The is the stage where people with HIV have the greatest chance of transmitting the virus to others. This is because HIV levels are very high at this time. The acute stage typically lasts between several weeks and months.

Symptoms of the acute infection may take place days to weeks after the virus has been contracted. During this time, the virus is multiplying rapidly in the body.

This initial HIV stage can result in flu-like symptoms like fever, headache, rash, swollen lymph nodes and fatigue

It is imperative to know that not all people with HIV experience initial flu like symptoms.

The flu symptoms are due to the increase of copies of HIV and widespread infection in the body. During this time, the amount of CD4 cells starts to fall very quickly.

Chronic HIV Stage

Without treatment,the chronic HIV stage can last for many years before advancing to AIDS.

The chronic HIV stage is known as the latent or asymptomatic stage. During this stage, a person usually won’t have as many symptoms as they did during the acute phase. This is because the virus doesn’t multiply as quickly.

However, a person can still transmit HIV if the virus is left untreated.

AIDS

A person may also receive an AIDS diagnosis if they’ve had an opportunistic infection or another AIDS Defining condition.

People with AIDS are vulnerable to opportunistic infections and common infections that may include tuberculosis toxoplasmosis and pneumonia.

Content created and supplied by: Valleybone (via Opera News )

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AIDS CD4 HIV
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