When a person is infected with the human immunodeficiency virus, the person's immune system becomes weak and lacks the ability to fight diseases. It is one of the most serious health challenges facing the World.
If HIV infection is not treated immediately, it develops into what is referred to as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
There is no known cure for HIV but once it is detected early, with proper medication the progress can be slow.
Below are three stages of HIV:
1 Primary or acute infection
2 Clinical latency
If a person contracts HIV, it may take up to a month before the symptoms start to show. Here are some notable signs
Aches and pains
Swollen lymph glands on the neck
Remember that the fact that someone experiences some of the above mentioned symptoms does not automatically means the person is infected with HIV. Always endeavor to contact your doctor for proper diagnosis.
In as much as HIV is contagious and incurable, it can be prevented. One can get infected through these means below:
1 Unprotected intercourse
2 Through infected blood transfusion
3 Sharing HIV-contaminated needles
4 Through a mother to the newborn
Photo Credit: TheWhistler
Below are ways you cannot contract HIV :
Shaking of hands
Through Insect bites.
How you can protect yourself from HIV
1 Avoid casual intercourse and cut down on your partners.
Always use protection
Get regular check-ups for STDs
Use sterile syringes
Accept only HIV-screened blood
How to prevent HIV transmission
Get antiretroviral therapy
Inform your partners about your HIV status.
Always use protection
Don’t share needles with anyone
Content created and supplied by: Ikechilivy (via Opera News )
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