Every time the issue of medical tests is mentioned, intending couples get apprehensive and scared because they don’t want to discover crazy realities about their spouse-to-be. The other reason is that people simply have skeletons they don’t want to let out, but isn’t that the idea of having these tests In the first place?
Marriage is a lifelong affair, and going into it without the facts can ruin the experience for one. You must have a proper knowledge of what/who you’re settling for. These are some tests I consider compulsory before you walk down the aisle.
1. HIV and STDs
First on our medical tests list because we expect things to get ‘steamy’. You should check for the possibility of lifelong infections such as HIV, Hepatitis B and C and Herpes, as well as curable ones like gonorrhoea, syphilis, bacterial vaginosis, yeast infections, Chlamydia, etc. Statistics show that 50% of young people will get an STI and not know it.
If everything checks out, that’s great. Not so? It’s okay, the knowledge of your partner’s status will help you take the right measures to protect yourself should you decide to go ahead. Having prior knowledge and taking the appropriate steps as directed by your doctor will also reduce the risk of infertility or miscarriages.
2. Blood group
It may not seem like a very important test but if you are planning to procreate, it is crucial that you and your partner have the same Rh factor (Rhesus factor). If your blood groups aren’t compatible with each other, it may create complications during pregnancy. An Rh incompatibility can be fatal for the second child as it is a condition where the antibodies in a pregnant woman's blood destroy her baby's blood cells.
There are different genotypes, but not all of them are compatible. Marrying AS as and AS for instance can potentially be a problem when you have kids because it’s very likely you’ll make SS babies, which means they’ll suffer from Sickle Cell Anaemia. Doing this test will help you understand how to make the best decision for yourself.
4. Fertility Test
We do love kids over here and having ‘Junior’ is always on the cards when considering marriage. So it’s safe to consider doing fertility tests to avoid surprises and some of the emotional stress associated with it. You should test for both you and your partner because men are liable for up to half of all infertility cases. Fertility tests include seminal analysis, hormonal assay; pelvic ultrasound scans to ascertain the state of the internal reproductive organs and so on.
5. Genetics and terminal illness test
Early testing allows couples seek medical care before the medical conditions gets to its terminal stage. This test depends on the region and the common chronic/
genetic condition seen in that society. However, this test should include screening for diabetes, test for hypertension, certain cancers kidney disease and test for thalassemia, amongst any others you feel need done.
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