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Ways To Protect Yourself And Treat Cholera

It is usually loss of body fluids that leads to death from cholera, so the most important treatment is to give oral rehydration therapy (ORT) in solution to patients.

The treatment are mostly packaged as mixtures consisting of large volumes of water mixed with a blend of sugar and salts.

Chronic and extreme incidence of cholera usually requires intravenous fluid replacement. As an adult weighing 70 kilograms will need at least 7 liters. 

There is however a vaccine for cholera as confirmed by the CDC and the World Health Organization through specific guidelines on vaccine use.

You can protect yourself and your family by using only water that has been boiled, water that has been chemically disinfected, or bottled water. Be sure to use bottled, boiled, or chemically disinfected water for the following purposes

-Drinking or gargling

-Brushing your teeth

-Preparing food or drinks

-Preparing ice

-Washing your face and hands

-Washing dishes and utensils that you use to eat or prepare food

-Washing fruits and vegetables

To ensure water disinfect using filter or boil or few minutes before use, You should also avoid raw foods, including the following:

-Unpeeled fruits and vegetables

-Unpasteurized milk and milk products

-Undercooked or raw meat or shellfish

-Tropical Fishes caught in contaminated environs.

If you develop severe, watery diarrhea and vomiting particularly after eating raw shellfish or traveling to a country where there is an epidemic outbreak of disease seek medical help immediately. Cholera is very treatable, but because dehydration can happen quickly, it's important to get cholera treatment right away.

Staying hydrated is the key treatment for cholera. Depending on the severity of diarrhea case, oral or intravenous solutions treatment will be used to replace lost fluids. Antibiotics, which kill the bacteria, are not part of emergency treatment for mild cases. But they can reduce the duration of diarrhea by half and also reduce the excretion of the bacteria, thus helping to prevent the spread of the disease.

Antibiotics can reduce the time span of the illness, but the WHO does not recommend the general use of antibiotics for cholera, due to the growing risk of bacterial resistance when overused.

Anti-diarrheal medicines are not used because they prevent the bacteria from being flushed out of the body and condition fatality should be checked and kept to a minimum.

Content created and supplied by: DrEnimofe (via Opera News )

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