The term cystitis refers to inflammation of the bladder and, as indicated by the Mayo Clinic website, which specializes in health information, usually has its origin in bacterial infections of the urinary tract, caused especially by the well-known Escherichia coli bacteria.
However, there are also other varieties of cystitis beyond bacterial cystitis, such as drug cystitis, radiation cystitis, foreign body cystitis, chemical cystitis or cystitis associated with other diseases such as diabetes or kidney stones. The question is: how to detect that we have cystitis?
As they explain from the University of Navarra Clinic, cystitis is defined by a clinical picture of pain or itching urination, a very increased and scarce frequency of urination, a permanent sensation of urination desire and sometimes bloody urine.
But what about the fever? In the words of its experts, this picture of symptoms always occurs without fever, so the presence of this would indicate that, in addition to the bladder, there is another organ in our body affected by the infection or by the disorder that causes cystitis. It can be the kidney or the prostate in the case of men, to mention two potential examples.
This is the reason why we should consult a doctor if we identify symptoms of cystitis. After all, and in addition to the damage caused to the bladder, the infection could end up affecting other organs, which is much more dangerous.
Thus, they advise the Mayo Clinic, if you have a constant need to urinate or pain when you urinate for several hours or more, or if you see blood in your urine, call your doctor. With greater urgency, even if they have symptoms such as fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, or back pain. It would imply a leap from the infection to other corners of the body.
In general, and since most cases of cystitis are caused by bacterial infections, the doctor will recommend antibiotics, unless they find a different cause, which will require a more personalized treatment. In any case, it is very important to prevent cystitis through a series of daily practices.
Such as drinking plenty of fluids, urinating when needed, wiping from front to back after defecation, showering instead of bathing, gently washing the skin around the vagina and anus, and quickly emptying the bladder after intercourse.
These actions are especially important for people at a higher risk of cystitis. In this sense, and as pointed out by the University of Navarra Clinic, the main risk factors are diabetes, pregnancy, being an infant, infectious lithiasis and renal obstruction, since it allows greater growth and intrarenal penetration of the germs and is decisive in renal destruction.
Other less important factors are very active sexuality, immunosuppression and the use of barrier-type contraceptives. In addition, between the ages of 20 and 50, cystitis is 50 times more common in women.
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