Pain is a highly emotional or unpleasant sensorial feeling that is associated with potential or acute tissue damage. The sensation of pain is a normal way the body responds to an injury or disease.
Pain can have both emotional and physical components, the physical part of pain normally result from a damaged stimulation of the nerve while the emotional component of pain can result from beliefs, attitudes, personality and even social factors. Pain can also be a warning sign for the body which it uses to biologically protect itself.
Types of Pain In The Human Body
Pain, as it is, is a multidimensional happening in the human body that has emotional, physiological, behavioural and even spiritual components.
It has different and multiple causes and people normally responds to it in different ways. Even though it is possible to differentiate and categorize the different types of pain in the human body, the experience can vary from one person to another. Common types of pain in the human body include:
1) Pain According To Time:
i) Acute Pain:
This type of pain happens very abruptly after a sudden onset of disease or injury and it normally persists until it is healed, it can also be intensified by fear or anxiety. Examples of these include burns, bone fractures, surgery, tension headache, delivery or even sickle cell crisis.
ii) Chronic Pain:
This type of pain is ongoing pain and will normally last longer than 6 months and it's usually associated with an underlying cause. It is not amenable to any specific treatment.
We have two types of chronic pain, one is chronic nociceptive pain which includes pains that comes from an issue like a prolonged tissue pathology or cancer, gastritis, gout, headache while the second type is known as chronic neuropathic pain, this includes back pain, arthritis, fibromyalgia pain or even nerve pain.
2) Pains According To origin:
We have 3 types of pain under this and they include:
Superficial Pain: This normally originate from the skin and the subcutaneous tissues
Deep somatic pain: This type of pain arises from tendons, ligaments, blood vessels
Visceral Pains: This one is a stimulation pain receptor in the thorax, cranium and abdominal cavity.
3) Pains According To Its pathophysiology:
There are two types of pain under this one:
a) Neuropathic Pain:
This type of pain normally starts in the human body when the central nervous system is not working properly or is damaged. This is normally caused by injury or disease such as cancer, amputation, stroke, diabetes.
b) Nociceptive Pain:
This type of pain is normally caused by stimulation of the sensory nerve fibres that are usually caused by damaged tissue. This type of pain is usually timely meaning that when the tissue heals, the pains disappear. This type of pain can change with physical position, movement and even loads.
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4) Pains According To Where It Feels From In The Human Body:
a) Shifting Pain
b) Radiating Pain
c) Phantom Pain
d) Referred Pain
Factors That Can Influence The Perception Of Pain:
There are some key factors that can influence our perception of pain in the human body and they include:
a) Physical Factors:
There are many physical factors that can influence the way we feel or see our pain experience, such factors include age, pain tolerance, pain threshold, physical activities.
b) Psychological Factors:
Some psychological factors along with physical factors can influence our body's response to the pain we feel, including past experiences with pain, our cultures, our religion and even our situational factor.
Method Of Assessing Pain In Our Human Body:
Pain is both an emotional or sensory experience. Different assessments have been developed and among them is the one known as QUEST and this stands for:
Question to the patient
Use a rating scale to monitor pain
Evaluate the physiological changes and also behaviour
Set realistic pain goals and ensure patient involvement
Take the cause of pain into account and take proper action according to the severity of pain and evaluate results properly.
Content created and supplied by: DrGeraldine (via Opera News )
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