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Disease prevention and treatment

Here are signs you are dehydrated and what to do

Drinking enough water every day is good, particularly in warm and hot weather. Dehydration can develop if your body loses more fluids than you drink and symptoms include headaches, darker urine, constipation and in severe cases may require urgent medical attention.

The human body is mostly 70 per cent water which is vital for all aspects of the normal functioning of the body including blood flow, digestion, waste product removal, movement, and respiratory function. Provided you stay hydrated each day and, in the absence of illness, the body functions as it should. The symptoms it causes also depend on the severity of the dehydration, ranging from mild thirst to moderate to severe (coma or death).

Almost everyone loses about two and three litres every day through our normal bodily functions such as breathing, defecation, urination and sweating. Factors that can increase fluid loss include sweating in hot weather, fever, diarrhoea, vomiting, diabetes, exercise, excessive alcohol intake and also not taking enough fluid during the day.

Photo Credit: Fabwoman

It's good to know, there are a number of signs to look out for which indicate you may need to drink water:

1. Being thirsty: For lots of people, the first symptom of dehydration is feeling thirsty.

2. Headaches and fatigue: Others often develop fatigue, headache and a dry mouth.

3. Dizziness: You would notice that when you're dehydrated, you get dizzy. Following thirst comes weakness.

4. Darker urine: Passing less urine which is also often more concentrated and darker yellow than usual. That's why when you're sick and have increased body temperature, your urine may be darker in colour. This can be a result of dehydration.

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5. Raised pulse rate: As dehydration worsens, other symptoms may occur

6. Delirium: Your blood pressure may fall and ultimately delirium and loss of consciousness occur. People who are extremely dehydrated are more prone to conditions such as kidney stones, chronic fatigue and kidney stones.

Bonus Tip

Now, you know the signs and symptoms of dehydration, don't wait till it starts manifesting. When you wake up in the morning, drink a cup of water, then intentionally take more water throughout the day.

Content created and supplied by: DrGeraldine (via Opera News )


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