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The Dangers Of Female Genitalia Mutilation (Type III) Or Infibulation

Femle Genital Mutilation (FGM) is the cutting or removing of some or all of the external female genetalia. UNICEF in 2016 estimated that 200 million women had under gone such procedure.

The Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) are of different types and they include:

1. Type I

FGM Type I is the partial or complete removal of the clitoris. FGM Type I is further subclassified into Type Ia and Type Ib. The removal of the clitoral hood alone this is sub classified as Type Ia. Type Ib is the the complete or partial removal of the clitoral glans (the visible tip of the clitoris) and clitoral hood.

2. Type II (excision)


FGM Type II (excision) is the complete or partial removal of the inner labia, with or without removal of the clitoral glans and outer labia. Again this FGM Type II I further subclassified into:

Type IIa which is the removal of the inner labia.

Type IIb, which is the removal of the clitoral glans and inner labia.

Type IIc, which is the removal of the clitoral glans, inner and outer labia.

3. Type III (infibulation)

This is the type as it I in the title of this article I'm going to dive right into.

FGM Type III is the removal of the external genitalia then the wounds sewn closed.

Infibulation is strongly linked to virginity and chastity, and used to safeguard girls from sex outside marriage and from having sexual feelings. This procedure is mostly done in the Northern part of Africa like Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, and Sudan.

During this procedure, the girl child is made to sit on a stool or mat while the circumciser spreads her legs open. At the end the circumciser sews the vulva leaving only a single hole is left so the girl will be able to urinte and menstruate.

For bonding of the vulva to occur the girl is tied with a rope from ankles to hips for weeks. If when the rope has been loosened and the hole is too large according to her family the procedure is repeated again (Lord have mercy)


When the woman gets married and it's time for sexual intercourse, in order for penetration to occur, the stitches on the vulva has to be open. This is done by either by a midwife with a knife or by the husband's penis.

Again the woman is further opened during childbirth (deinfibulation) and stiched back after to restore the "pinhole size" of the first infibulation (reinfibulation)


The Dangers Of Infibulation


The common dangers this poses on girls are swelling, excessive bleeding, pain, urine retention , and healing problems or wound infections. 

This can also lead to the transfer of hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV, this is because these practitioners share these items.

Since the hole is too small the girl may experience painful periods, pains during sexual intercourse.


Question: Do you agree with Female Genital Mutilation? I know some cultures practice this act like the FGM Type I. Is this okay?

Content created and supplied by: EverythingNewz (via Opera News )

Africa Djibouti FGM Type II I Female Genital Mutilation UNICEF

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