Kidney pain can indicate different health problems, such as changes in kidney function, infections or spinal problems, which can cause different symptoms, such as pain, changes in urine color and burning when urinating.
Pain treatment is done according to the cause of the problem, which may include the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics, rest and massage.
Main causes of kidney pain
The following are the main causes of kidney pain and what to do to alleviate and treat the problem.
1. Kidney stones
The presence of kidney stones causes the appearance of severe pain that can be directed to the belly or genital organ, pain when urinating and pink, red or brown urine, due to the presence of traces of blood.
How to treat: The treatment is done according to the type of stone formed, which may include the use of analgesic remedies, changes in food or laser treatment, which breaks the stones into smaller pieces, facilitating the elimination by urine.
Symptoms of kidney infection are severe back pain, pain and burning when urinating, frequent urge to urinate and hard-smelling urine. In some cases, fever, chills, nausea and vomiting may also occur.
How to treat: A lot of water should be ingested to help eliminate the pain-causing microorganism and use antibiotics, according to the guidance of the general practitioner or urologist.
3. Polycystic or kidney cyst
Symptoms of kidney cyst only appear when the cyst is already large, which can cause pain, blood urine, high blood pressure and frequent urinary infections.
How to treat: Treatment should be recommended by a nephrologist and can be done with the use of medications, when the cyst is small, or through surgery, which is done to remove the larger cysts.
Pain caused by kidney cancer usually only appears in advanced stages of the disease, and is characterized by pain in the lateral region of the belly and back, and blood in the urine.
How to treat: Treatment is done with an oncologist and depends on the stage of the tumor, which may include surgery, cryotherapy, radiofrequency and use of medications to relieve symptoms. Kidney tumors usually do not respond well to chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
It is the swelling of the kidney due to the accumulation of urine, causing pain in the back, urine with blood, fever and chills.
How to treat: You should go to the doctor to remove the accumulated urine and identify the cause of the problem, which can be kidney stones, severe urinary tract infection or the presence of a kidney tumor.
6. Thrombosis or ischemia of the renal vein
That's when not enough blood arrives for the kidney, causing cell death and pain. It is similar to what happens in stroke or when you have a heart attack.
How to treat: Only medical examinations can detect the problem, and treatment can be done with the use of medications or surgery, depending on the severity of the problem.
7. Injuries and blows
Back injuries and blows, especially at waist level, can cause inflammation and kidney pain.
How to treat: Place a hot water bag on your back and rest, and painkillers can also be used. If the pain persists, medical help should be sought.
Signs and symptoms of kidney problems
Check the symptoms you have and find out if you may have any type of kidney impairment:
- 1. Frequent urge to urinate;
- 2. Urinate in small quantities at a time;
- 3. Constant pain in the back or flanks;
- 4. Swelling of the legs, feet, arms or face;
- 5. Itching all over the body;
- 6. Excessive tiredness for no apparent reason;
- 7. Changes in the color and smell of urine;
- 8. Presence of foam in the urine;
- 9. Difficulty sleeping or lower quality of sleep;
- 10. Loss of appetite and metallic taste in the mouth;
- 11. Feeling of pressure in the belly when urinating.
Kidney pain in pregnancy
Kidney pain in pregnancy is usually caused by changes in the spine, due to the effort that the pregnant woman makes by the weight of the belly. It is rarely related to kidney changes, but in cases where there is also pain when urinating, the gynecologist should be consulted to identify the cause of the problem and avoid complications.
To relieve, you can place a hot water bag in the painful region and sit in a comfortable armchair with high feet. This position relieves back pain and unravels the feet.
When to go to the doctor
It is recommended to seek medical help whenever the kidney pain is very severe, preventing the performance of normal routine activities, or when the pain becomes frequent. Although there are many causes of kidney pain, it can often also be related to spinal problems, which is why physical therapy can also be a treatment option.
(Reference - https://www.medicinenet.com/kidney_pain/article.htm)
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