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Cerebral or Brain aneurysm in sickle cell disease

Sickle cell disease patients are at risk of developing a high incidence of the cerebral aneurysms or brain aneurysms. These aneurysms are not known to be associated with the usual risk factors of hypertension, renal disease, or connective tissue disease. 

Silent cerebral infarcts and cerebral aneurysms are most prevalent in adults in sickle cell disease patients or sickle cell anemia patients. Cerebral aneurysm most times manifests as silent cerebral infarcts SCIs, which are the most commonly recognized cause of neurologic injury in patients with sickle cell disease SCD and sickle cell anemia SCA. It is identified in about an approximation level that is less than twenty percent of children with sickle cell disease. 

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Photo Credit: Radiology Team

Magnetic resonance imaging MRI, magnetic resonance angiography MRA, scans the brain for the development of cerebral or brain aneurysm. A cerebral or brain aneurysm is a weakness in the blood vessels in the brain that balloons and then fills with blood. 

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Photo Credit: AJRonline

A cerebral aneurysm can also be seen as a bulge in the blood vessel of the brain, it has been described to look like a berry hanging on a stem. A brain or cerebral aneurysm can leak or rupture, causing bleeding into the brain (hemorrhagic stroke). In most cases, a ruptured brain aneurysm occurs in the space between the brain and the thin tissues covering the brain. This type of hemorrhagic stroke is called a subarachnoid hemorrhage. 

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Photo Credit: Journal of Neurosurgery

A ruptured cerebral or brain aneurysm quickly advances to a life-threatening situation when no immediate treatment is made. Symptoms of a cerebral or brain aneurysm that is seen as a ruptured aneurysm are; a sudden headache that is extreme and severe, nausea, vomiting, stiff neck, blurred or double vision, sensitivity to light, seizure, a drooping eyelid, loss of consciousness, and confusion. 

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Photo Credit: Journal of Neurosurgery

The symptoms of cerebral or brain aneurysm that are seen as unruptured aneurysm are; pain above and behind one eye, a dilated pupil, change in vision, double vision, numbness of one side of the face.  

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Photo Credit: Journal of NeuroInterventional Surgery

Content created and supplied by: Dr-Kikiope (via Opera News )


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